Law · Constitutions

Constitution of Brazil


The 1988 Constitution of Brazil establishes that education, health, the childhood protection, and the right to food are social rights.


The Constitution defines that general health issues are the concurrent competence between the Federation and the federative entities.

  • Brazilian social rights are education, health, food, work, housing, transportation, leisure, security, social security, maternity and childhood protection, assistance to the helpless (article 6).
  • Childhood protection is a duty of the family, society and the State to ensure children, adolescents and young people, with absolute priority, the right to life, health, food, education, leisure, professional training, culture, dignity, respect, freedom and family and community life, in addition to protecting them from all forms of negligence, discrimination, exploitation, violence, cruelty and oppression (article 227).
  • Health is a right of everyone and a duty of the State, guaranteed through social and economic policies that tend to reduce the risk of disease and other risks along with universal and equal access to actions and services for their promotion, protection, and recovery (article 196).