Food laws and decisions: Fiscal Policies

The policy category “Fiscal Policies” focuses on policies that aim at promoting healthier diets by making unhealthy food and beverages more expensive and/or healthy food and beverages cheapers. This category includes policies such as the taxation of sugar-sweetened beverages.

Fiscal Policies related food laws and decisions

  • International · Law · International norms

    Political declaration of the third high-level meeting of the General Assembly on the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases

    Oct. 17, 2018 To accelerate the response to address non-communicable diseases for the health and well-being of present and future generations.

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  • International · Law · International norms

    Outcome document of the second high-level meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on non-communicable diseases

    Jul. 10, 2014 To take stock of the progress since the first high-level meeting on non-communicable diseases in 2011, reaffirm, and strengthen the commitments.

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  • International · Law · International norms

    Global action plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases 2013-2030

    May. 27, 2013 The WHO Global Action Plan on NCDs operationalizes the commitments made in the Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable...

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  • International · Law · International norms

    Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health

    May. 26, 2004 To provide guidance for the development of an enabling environment for sustainable actions at individual, community, national and global levels that, when taken together, will lead to reduced disease and...

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  • International · Law · International norms

    Interim report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to food

    Aug. 3, 2016 The report reiterates the importance of a rights-based approach to “adequate food”, and highlights that unhealthy diets are a form of malnutrition

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  • International · Law · International norms

    Unhealthy foods, non-communicable diseases and the right to health – Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to health

    Apr. 1, 2014 In this report, the Special Rapporteur highlights the link between unhealthy foods and diet-related non-communicable diseases, underscoring the urgent need for States to address structural changes in the food environment,...

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  • International · Law · International norms

    Report submitted by the Special Rapporteur on the right to food

    Dec. 26, 2011 The report shows how undernutrition, micronutrient deficiency and overnutrition are different dimensions of malnutrition that must be addressed to fully realize the right to food

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  • International · Law · International norms

    Food, nutrition and the right to health – Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to health

    Jul. 14, 2023 Using the frameworks of intersectionality, anti-coloniality and anti-racism, as well as existing international human rights laws and standards, the Special Rapporteur examines how the lack of access to safe and...

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  • Colombia · Decision · Judicial

    Juan Manuel Charry Urueña y Miryam Elfriede Anaya Sánchez v Colombia (Decision C-435-23)

    Oct. 25, 2023 Whether the tax reform that introduced a tax on ultra-processed foods and ultra-processed sugary beverages (Law No. 2227 of 2022) violates the principles of equality, freedom of enterprise, and free...

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  • Colombia · Law · Legislation

    Law adopting a Tax Reform for Equality and Social Justice (Law No. 2277 of 2022)

    Dec. 13, 2022 This law reforms the country's tax structure to promote equality and social justice, and adopts a tax on ultra-processed foods and ultra-processed sugary beverages

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  • Jamaica · Law · Programmatic documents

    National Strategic and Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases in Jamaica 2013-2018

    2013 This strategic and action plan aims to "provide a framework and road map for national action to combat non-communicable diseases and injuries and their risk factors in Jamaica within the...

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  • Barbados · Law · Programmatic documents

    Excise Tax on Sweetened Beverages – 2022

    Apr. 1, 2022 The objective of the Excise Tax on Sweetened Beverages is to increase the rate of excise tax on sweetened beverages in an effort to reduce sugar consumption.

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  • Jamaica · Law · Programmatic documents

    National Operational Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Obesity in Children and Adolescents in Jamaica (2016-2020)

    Jun. 2016 The National Operational Plan of Action seeks to operationalize the obesity prevention activities of the National Strategic and Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs).

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  • South Africa · Law · Legislation

    Rates and Monetary Amounts and Amendment of Revenue Laws Act

    Dec. 12, 2017 This law imposes a levy on sugary beverages as well as excise and customs duties on some raw materials for the manufacturing of beverages.

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  • Mexico · Law · Legislation

    Law on the Special Tax on the Production of Goods and Services

    Dec. 30, 1980 The law regulates the special tax applicable to different goods and services. The law has been amended on 15 November 2016 to include products such as energy drinks, alcoholic beverages,...

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  • Barbados · Law · Administrative Acts

    Excise Tax (Amendment) (No. 3) Regulations – 2017

    Aug. 1, 2015 The Regulations imposed an ad valorem excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages.

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  • Mexico · Decision · Judicial

    Several Industries v. Government

    2015 After a tax increase on processed foods and industrialized sugar-sweetened beverages in 2014, the industry challenged the constitutionality of the tax. The law's constitutionality was held in a series of five...

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  • Mexico · Decision · Judicial

    Jugos del Valle (Coca Cola) v. Government

    2003 Jugos del Valle discussed with the State on whether fruit and nectarine fruit drinks was considered food for VAT purposes. The VAT tax rate for the sale of food was...

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