Brazil · Law · Administrative Acts

Resolution on National School Meals Program and the Direct Financial Resources in School Program

Objectives:

The resolution modifies the guidelines for the allocation of National School Meals Program [Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar (PNAE)] funds.

Scope:

The resolution imposes several restrictions on including processed and ultra-processed foods in the National School Meals Program [Programa Nacional de Alimentação Escolar (PNAE)]. Accordlying, it distinguishes foods based on to the level of processing using the NOVA food classification system. Specifically, it provides:

  • Financial restriction for the acquisition of processed and ultraprocessed products (UPPs) as the following:
    • (i) at least 75% must be used to buy fresh or minimally processed foods;
    • (ii) 20% at most can be used to buy processed and UPPs;
    • (iii) a maximum of 5% can be used to purchase processed culinary ingredients (article 21).
  • Maximum limits allowed on school menus of certain UPPs, such as:
    • milk drinks with additives or sweetened milk would be allowed at most once a month (partial period school attendance) or at most twice a month (full period);
    • UPP meat twice a month at most;
    • sweets once a month at most, or if related to local culture, limited to twice a month.
  • Prohibition on adding sugar, honey, and sweeteners to culinary preparations and beverages aimed at children up to three years old.
  • Prohibition on using funds to purchase specific UPPs, including soft drinks, artificial refreshments, drinks or concentrates based on guarana or currant syrup, ready-to-eat teas, sweetened cereals or cereals with additives, candies, chocolate bars, stuffed biscuits, cakes with topping or filling, sweetened cereal bars with additives, gelatin, monosodium glutamate or sodium salts, mayonnaise and powdered or reconstituted food, among others.

Furthermore, the resolution outlines some principles on nutrition education, which encompass social, financial, and environmental sustainability, respect for local traditions, as well as autonomy and self-care.