Mexico · Law · Legislation

General Health Law

Objectives:

This law regulates the right to health that every person has according to Article 4 of the Political Constitution of Mexico.

Scope:

The law states that the right to the protection of health enshrined in Article 4 of the Political Constitution of Mexico has the following goals: the physical and mental well-being, the prolongation and improvement of the quality of human life; the protection and enhancement of values that contribute to the creation, conservation, and enjoyment of health conditions that contribute to social development; the promotion of solidarity and responsible attitudes among the population in the preservation, conservation, improvement, and restoration of health; the enjoyment of health services and social assistance that efficiently and timely meet the needs of the population; the knowledge for the proper use and utilization of health services; and the development of teaching and scientific and technological research for health (Article 2)

For the purposes of FULL, it should be highlighted that:

  • Prevention, control, and monitoring of nutrition are considered matters falling under general health (Article 3.IV);
  • Promotion and improvement of nutrition are considered basic services for right to the protection of health (Article 27.IX);
  • Nutrition is considered a component of the promotion of health (Article 111.II);
  • The Ministry of Health is responsible for:

I) Establishing a permanent system of epidemiological surveillance of nutrition;

II) Regulating the development of programs and activities in education on nutrition, prevention, treatment, and control of malnutrition and obesity, aimed at promoting adequate eating habits, preferably in the most vulnerable social groups.

III) Regulating the establishment, operation, and evaluation of nutrition services in areas determined based on the greatest deficiencies and health problems;

IV) Regulating the nutritional value and characteristics of food in collective service establishments and in non-alcoholic food and beverages.

V) Promoting chemical, biological, social, and economic research aimed at understanding the nutritional conditions that prevail in the population and establishing the minimum nutrient needs for maintaining good health conditions in the population;

VI) Recommending diets and procedures that lead to the effective consumption of the minimum nutrients by the general population, and providing, within its sphere of competence, for such consumption.

VII) Establish the nutritional needs that must be met by basic food baskets. In the case of industrialized wheat and corn flours, mandatory fortification will be required, specifying the nutrients and amounts that must be included;

VIII) Provide the Ministry of Commerce and Industrial Development with technical elements in nutrition, for the purposes of issuing Mexican official standards. (Article 115)

 

The text of the law has been amended a few times, last one in 2009.