Law Documents

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  • International · Law · International norms

    Outcome document of the second high-level meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on non-communicable diseases

    Jul. 10, 2014 To take stock of the progress since the first high-level meeting on non-communicable diseases in 2011, reaffirm, and strengthen the commitments.

    • Fiscal PoliciesLabelingMarketingSchool Environment
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  • International · Law · International norms

    Global action plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases 2013-2030

    May. 27, 2013 The WHO Global Action Plan on NCDs operationalizes the commitments made in the Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable...

    • MarketingContent regulationFiscal PoliciesFundamental RightsLabelingSchool Environment
    • 2
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  • International · Law · International norms

    Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health

    May. 26, 2004 To provide guidance for the development of an enabling environment for sustainable actions at individual, community, national and global levels that, when taken together, will lead to reduced disease and...

    • MarketingLabelingContent regulationFiscal PoliciesSchool Environment
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  • International · Law · International norms

    Interim report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to food

    Aug. 3, 2016 The report reiterates the importance of a rights-based approach to “adequate food”, and highlights that unhealthy diets are a form of malnutrition

    • MarketingFiscal PoliciesLabelingFundamental RightsSchool Environment
    • Compare
  • International · Law · International norms

    Unhealthy foods, non-communicable diseases and the right to health – Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to health

    Apr. 1, 2014 In this report, the Special Rapporteur highlights the link between unhealthy foods and diet-related non-communicable diseases, underscoring the urgent need for States to address structural changes in the food environment,...

    • MarketingFiscal PoliciesLabelingFundamental RightsSchool Environment
    • Compare
  • International · Law · International norms

    Food, nutrition and the right to health – Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to health

    Jul. 14, 2023 Using the frameworks of intersectionality, anti-coloniality and anti-racism, as well as existing international human rights laws and standards, the Special Rapporteur examines how the lack of access to safe and...

    • MarketingFiscal PoliciesLabelingFundamental Rights
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  • Mexico · Law · Administrative Acts

    Amendment to NOM-51 – Front of Pack Labeling (Guidelines Daily Amounts)

    Jul. 25, 2014 This administrative regulation amends NOM-51 to mandate the adoption of a front-of-pack labeling model based on the guidelines daily amount (GDA)

    • Labeling
    • Compare
  • Colombia · Regional · Decision · Judicial

    Gasesosas Colombianas v Colombia (Opinion No. 010-2023)

    Jul. 25, 2023 Whether Resolution 2492 de 2022, which adopts a front-of-pack labeling (FOPL) model in Colombia, violates the norms of the Andean Community that require technical regulations to be adopted in a...

    • Labeling
    • Compare
  • Colombia · Decision · Judicial

    Carlos Mario Salgado Morales v Ministry of Health (Case No. 25000-23-41-000-2022-00942-01)

    Oct. 27, 2022 Whether the technical parameters on front-of-pack labeling (FOPL) established by Resolution No. 810 of 2021 comply with the requirements laid out in Law No. 2120 of 2021, and specifically that...

    • Labeling
    • Compare
  • Mexico · Decision · Judicial

    Desde el Corazón del Fruto, S.A. de C.V. v Government

    2020 In 2020, plaintiff filed an amparo measure against the Amendment to NOM-51 that adopted front-of-package warning labels for prepackaged food and beverages.

    • MarketingLabelingFundamental RightsContent regulation
    • Compare
  • Mexico · Decision · Judicial

    Santa Clara, S.A. de C.V. v. Government

    2022 In 2020, plaintiff filed an amparo measure against the Modification of the Mexican Official Norm that regulates the General labelling specifications for pre-packaged food and non-alcoholic beverages.

    • MarketingLabelingContent regulationFundamental Rights
    • Compare
  • Colombia · Law · Administrative Acts

    Resolution establishing the technical regulation for nutritional labeling of prepackaged food (Resolution No. 333 of 2011)

    Feb. 15, 2011 Implementing article 10 of Law No. 1355 of 2009, this regulation establishes the conditions and requirements for nutritional back-of-pack labeling of prepackaged foods.

    • Labeling
    • Compare
  • Colombia · Law · Administrative Acts

    Resolution adopting technical criteria for front-of-pack nutritional labeling (Resolution No. 2492 of 2022)

    Dec. 13, 2022 This resolution modifies Resolution No. 810 of 2021 on technical regulation on front-of-pack nutritional labeling (FOPL).

    • Labeling
    • 1
    • Compare
  • Colombia · Law · Administrative Acts

    Resolution adopting technical criteria for front-of-pack nutritional labeling (Resolution No. 810 of 2021)

    Jun. 16, 2021 This resolution adopts technical criteria for front-of-pack nutritional labeling (FOPL). Following the adoption of Law No. 2120 of 2021 and litigation by civil society organizations it has been substantially amended...

    • Labeling
    • Compare
  • Colombia · Law · Legislation

    Law for Promotion of Healthy Food Environments and NCD Prevention (Law No. 2120 of 2021)

    Jul. 30, 2021 Also known as "Ley Comida Chatarra", this law seeks to adopt effective measures that promote healthy food environments, guaranteeing the basic right to health, especially for children and adolescents, with...

    • LabelingSchool Environment
    • Compare
  • Colombia · Decision · Judicial

    Colombian Parents’ Corporation of Mothers and Fathers, Red PaPaz v. Ministry of Health (Case No. 25000234100020190106300)

    Nov. 10, 2022 Whether the lack of an appropriate regulatory framework on ultra-processed food products violate the collective right to health of consumers, and particularly of children.

    • MarketingLabelingFundamental Rights
    • 6
    • Compare
  • Colombia · Law · Legislation

    Law for Control, Care and Prevention of Obesity and related NCDs (Law No. 1355 of 2009)

    Oct. 14, 2009 To declare obesity and the non-communicable diseases associated with it a public health priority, and to adopt measures for its control, care, and prevention.

    • MarketingContent regulationLabelingSchool Environment
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  • Jamaica · Law · Legislation

    Standards Act

    Jul. 15, 1969 This law is the general law prescribing minimum standards for commodities, including food.

    • Labeling
    • Compare
  • Jamaica · Law · Administrative Acts

    Standards (Labelling of Processed Food) Regulations

    Oct. 1, 1974 These regulations prescribe minimum labelling requirements for processed food in Jamaica.

    • Labeling
    • Compare
  • Barbados · Law · Legislation

    Standards Act

    Jun. 1, 2006 This law is the general law prescribing minimum labeling requirements for commodities and pre-packaged products, including foods. It consolidates and revises the law on standards in respect of goods and...

    • Labeling
    • 1
    • Compare
  • Mexico · Law · Administrative Acts

    Amendment to NOM-51 – Front-of-Pack Labeling (Warning Labels)

    Mar. 27, 2020 This administrative regulation (NORMA Oficial Mexicana) amends NOM-51. It introduces a front-of-pack labeling model based on warning labels, effectively repealing the 2014 amendment to NOM-51. Moreover, it introduces advertising restrictions....

    • Labeling
    • Compare
  • Mexico · Decision · Judicial

    El Poder del Consumidor v. Government

    May. 8, 2018 El Poder del Consumidor (EPC) filed an unconstituionality claim challenging the Regulation on Health Control of Products and Services in its article 25, which states that -amongst other requirements- labelling...

    • Labeling
    • Compare
  • Brazil · Law · Administrative Acts

    Ordinance on National Food and Nutrition Policy

    Nov. 17, 2011 This ordinance establishes guidelines for improve food conditions, nutrition and health of the Brazilian population aimed at promoting adequate and healthy food practices, food surveillance and nutrition, preventing and caring...

    • Fundamental RightsLabeling
    • Compare
  • Jamaica · Law · Legislation

    Food and Drugs Act

    Aug. 4, 1975 This law is the general law on food, drugs, cosmetics, and devices in Jamaica.

    • LabelingMarketing
    • Compare
  • Jamaica · Law · Administrative Acts

    Food and Drugs Regulations

    Aug. 4, 1975 This law provides for the regulation of food, drugs, cosmetics and medical devices.

    • Content regulationLabelingMarketing
    • Compare
  • Brazil · Decision · Judicial

    Associação Nacional de Defesa da Cidadania e do Consumidor (Anadec) v. Vinícola Perini – 2016

    2016 A public civil lawsuit [ação civil pública] affirming the legality of the absence of information on sodium and calories contents on the labels of wine bottles.

    • Labeling
    • 1
    • Compare
  • Brazil · Decision · Judicial

    Office of the Federal Prosecutor v. National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA)

    Sep. 27, 2016 A public civil lawsuit [ação civil pública] against the National Health Surveillance Agency [Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA)] due to irregularities on the labels of light and diet products...

    • Labeling
    • 2
    • Compare
  • Brazil · Decision · Administrative

    Consumer Protection Agency of the State of Mato Grosso v. Bayer S.A.

    2016 Administrative decision issuing a fine against Bayer S.A. due to a marketing campaign that targeted children.

    • MarketingLabeling
    • 2
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  • Jamaica · Law · Programmatic documents

    National Operational Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Obesity in Children and Adolescents in Jamaica (2016-2020)

    Jun. 2016 The National Operational Plan of Action seeks to operationalize the obesity prevention activities of the National Strategic and Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs).

    • Fiscal PoliciesLabelingMarketingSchool Environment
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  • Brazil · Law · Legislation

    Consumer Defense Code

    Sep. 11, 1990 This law establishes rules of consumer protection and defense, public order and social interest in accordance with articles 5, items XXXII, 170, item V of the Brazilian Federal Constitution and...

    • MarketingLabeling
    • 1
    • Compare
  • Jamaica · Law · Legislation

    Processed Food Act

    Oct. 15, 1959 This law prescribes general requirements in relation to processed food, including their manufacturing or handling. It was amended in 2012.

    • Labeling
    • 1
    • Compare
  • Colombia · Law · Administrative Acts

    Technical Regulation on the Requirements of Labeling for Packaged Foods and Raw Materials (Resolution No. 2652 of 2004)

    Aug. 20, 2004 The purpose of the technical regulation is to establish the requirements for labels of packaged food for human consumption, as well as those of raw materials for food, in order...

    • Labeling
    • Compare
  • South Africa · Law · Administrative Acts

    Regulations Relating to the Labelling and Advertising of Foodstuffs

    Mar. 1, 2010 It prescribes minimum labelling requirements for all foodstuffs imported, sold, offered or prepackaged in South Africa

    • Labeling
    • 1
    • Compare
  • Brazil · Law · Administrative Acts

    Resolution on Technical Regulation on Complementary Nutritional Information

    Nov. 12, 2012 This resolution incorporates Mercosur Resolution No. 01/2012 standards on complementary nutritional labeling of packaged foods, regulating it.

    • Labeling
    • Compare
  • Brazil · Law · Administrative Acts

    Resolution on Pre-packaged Foods Nutritional Labeling

    Oct. 8, 2020 This resolution regulates nutritional claims and front-of-pack nutritional labeling in pre-packaged food.

    • Labeling
    • 2
    • Compare
  • Brazil · Law · Legislation

    Basic Food Standards Decree-Law

    Oct. 21, 1969 This decree provides regulations on the format of nutritional labeling of packaged foods.

    • Labeling
    • Compare
  • Brazil · Law · Administrative Acts

    Resolution on Technical Regulation for Packaged Food Labelling

    Sep. 20, 2002 This resolution incorporates into domestic legislation the Mercosur Resolutions GMC No. 06/94 and 02/21 on mandatory and optional labeling of packaged foods.

    • Labeling
    • 2
    • Compare
  • Mexico · Law · Programmatic documents

    National Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Overweight, Obesity and Diabetes

    Oct. 2013 The strategy arises due to the magnitude and frequency with which the population suffers from overweight, obesity, and other NCDs, which cause very high levels of expenditure in the health...

    • LabelingMarketing
    • Compare
  • Mexico · Decision · Judicial

    El Poder del Consumidor v. Government

    May. 8, 2019 El Poder del Consumidor (EPC) filed an unconstitutionality claim challenging the Guideline Daily Amount (GDA) labeling model in Mexico. After a positive decision in the first instance, the case...

    • Labeling
    • 3
    • Compare
  • Mexico · Law · Administrative Acts

    NOM-51 General labeling specifications for prepackaged food and non-alcoholic beverages – Commercial and health information

    Feb. 18, 2010 This administrative regulation (NORMA Oficial Mexicana) sets forth the commercial and health information requirements for the labeling of prepackaged food and non-alcoholic beverages.

    • Labeling
    • Compare
  • Mexico · Law · Administrative Acts

    Regulation of Sanitary Control of Products and Services

    Aug. 9, 1999 The purpose of the Regulation is to control and carry out the corresponding health promotion of the manufacturing, import, and export process, as well as activities, services, and establishments related...

    • Labeling
    • 2
    • Compare
  • Brazil · Decision · Judicial

    Brazilian Food Industry Association (ABIA) v. National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA)

    Jul. 24, 2018 An injunction filed against ANVISA due to their denial to postpone the deadline of the public consultation on the front of packaging labeling (FOPL) measures.

    • Labeling
    • 1
    • Compare
Document Title Document Country Document Law or Decision Document Type Document Date Document Categories Document FULL URL Document Excerpt
Outcome document of the second high-level meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on non-communicable diseasesInternational LawInternational normsJul. 10 2014"Fiscal Policies, Labeling, Marketing, School Environment"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/outcome-document-of-the-second-high-level-meeting-of-the-united-nations-general-assembly-on-non-communicable-diseases/To take stock of the progress since the first high-level meeting on non-communicable diseases in 2011 reaffirm and strengthen the commitments.
Global action plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases 2013-2030International LawInternational normsMay. 27 2013"Advertising, Children, Content regulation, Fiscal Policies, Fundamental Rights, Labeling, Marketing, School Environment, Sodium content, Subsidies, Trans fat content"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/global-action-plan-for-the-prevention-and-control-of-noncommunicable-diseases-2013-2020/The WHO Global Action Plan on NCDs operationalizes the commitments made in the Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases recognizing the primary role and responsibility of governments in responding to the challenge of NCDs
Global Strategy on Diet Physical Activity and HealthInternational LawInternational normsMay. 26 2004"Advertising, Back-of-pack labeling, Children, Claims on packaging, Content regulation, Fiscal Policies, Labeling, Marketing, Promotion, School Environment, School meals, Sodium content, Sponsorship, Trans fat content"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/global-strategy-on-diet-physical-activity-and-health/To provide guidance for the development of an enabling environment for sustainable actions at individual community national and global levels that when taken together will lead to reduced disease and death rates related to unhealthy diet and physical inactivity.
Interim report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to foodInternational LawInternational normsAug. 3 2016"Advertising, Children, Fiscal Policies, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Fundamental Rights, Increased sales tax, Labeling, Marketing, Right to food, Sale in school premises, Sale near school premises, Sale through vending machines, School Environment, School meals, Tax on sugar-sweetened beverages, Tax on unhealthy foods and beverages"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/interim-report-of-the-special-rapporteur-on-the-right-to-food/The report reiterates the importance of a rights-based approach to “adequate food” and highlights that unhealthy diets are a form of malnutrition
Unhealthy foods non-communicable diseases and the right to health – Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to healthInternational LawInternational normsApr. 1 2014"Advertising, Children, Fiscal Policies, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Fundamental Rights, Labeling, Marketing, Nutrition education, Procurement policies, Right to food, Right to health, School Environment, Subsidies, Tax on sugar-sweetened beverages"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/unhealthy-foods-non-communicable-diseases-and-the-right-to-health-report-of-the-special-rapporteur-on-the-right-to-health/In this report the Special Rapporteur highlights the link between unhealthy foods and diet-related non-communicable diseases underscoring the urgent need for States to address structural changes in the food environment which negatively impact individuals’ enjoyment of the right to adequate and nutritious food – an underlying determinant of the right to health
Food nutrition and the right to health – Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to healthInternational LawInternational normsJul. 14 2023"Advertising, Children, Fiscal Policies, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Fundamental Rights, Labeling, Marketing, Right to food, Right to health, Right to information, Rights of children"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/food-nutrition-and-the-right-to-health-report-of-the-special-rapporteur/Using the frameworks of intersectionality anti-coloniality and anti-racism as well as existing international human rights laws and standards the Special Rapporteur examines how the lack of access to safe and nutritious food has an impact on growth development and quality of life across the life cycle.
Amendment to NOM-51 – Front of Pack Labeling (Guidelines Daily Amounts)Mexico LawAdministrative ActsJul. 25 2014"Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/amendment-to-nom-51-front-of-pack-labeling-guidelines-daily-amounts/This administrative regulation amends NOM-51 to mandate the adoption of a front-of-pack labeling model based on the guidelines daily amount (GDA)
Gasesosas Colombianas v Colombia (Opinion No. 010-2023)Colombia Regional DecisionJudicialJul. 25 2023"Claims on packaging, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/gasesosas-colombianas-v-republica-de-colombia/Whether Resolution 2492 de 2022 which adopts a front-of-pack labeling (FOPL) model in Colombia violates the norms of the Andean Community that require technical regulations to be adopted in a transparent manner and that they are no more restrictive than necessary to achieve a legitimate objective (Articles 5 6 and 8 of the Decision 827).
Carlos Mario Salgado Morales v Ministry of Health (Case No. 25000-23-41-000-2022-00942-01)Colombia DecisionJudicialOct. 27 2022"Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/carlos-mario-salgado-morales-v-ministry-of-health-and-social-protection/Whether the technical parameters on front-of-pack labeling (FOPL) established by Resolution No. 810 of 2021 comply with the requirements laid out in Law No. 2120 of 2021 and specifically that they are "based on the best scientific evidence available and free of conflict of interest".
Desde el Corazón del Fruto S.A. de C.V. v GovernmentMexico DecisionJudicial2020"Advertising, Advertising in labeling, Children, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Fundamental Rights, Health warnings in points of sale, Labeling, Marketing, Right to food, Right to health, Right to information, Trans fat content"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/desde-el-corazon-del-fruto-s-a-de-c-v-v-government/In 2020 plaintiff filed an amparo measure against the Amendment to NOM-51 that adopted front-of-package warning labels for prepackaged food and beverages.
Santa Clara S.A. de C.V. v. GovernmentMexico DecisionJudicial2022"Advertising, Advertising in labeling, Children, Content regulation, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Fundamental Rights, Health warnings in points of sale, Labeling, Marketing, Right to food, Right to health, Right to information, Rights of children, Trans fat content"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/1633/In 2020 plaintiff filed an amparo measure against the Modification of the Mexican Official Norm that regulates the General labelling specifications for pre-packaged food and non-alcoholic beverages.
Resolution establishing the technical regulation for nutritional labeling of prepackaged food (Resolution No. 333 of 2011)Colombia LawAdministrative ActsFeb. 15 2011"Back-of-pack labeling, Claims on packaging, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/resolution-establishing-the-technical-regulation-for-nutritional-labeling-of-prepackaged-food/Implementing article 10 of Law No. 1355 of 2009 this regulation establishes the conditions and requirements for nutritional back-of-pack labeling of prepackaged foods.
Resolution adopting technical criteria for front-of-pack nutritional labeling (Resolution No. 2492 of 2022)Colombia LawAdministrative ActsDec. 13 2022"Claims on packaging, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/resolution-adopting-technical-criteria-for-front-of-pack-nutritional-labeling-partially-amending-resolution-810-of-210/This resolution modifies Resolution No. 810 of 2021 on technical regulation on front-of-pack nutritional labeling (FOPL).
Resolution adopting technical criteria for front-of-pack nutritional labeling (Resolution No. 810 of 2021)Colombia LawAdministrative ActsJun. 16 2021"Front-of-pack nutritional labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/resolution-adopting-technical-criteria-for-front-of-pack-nutritional-labeling/This resolution adopts technical criteria for front-of-pack nutritional labeling (FOPL). Following the adoption of Law No. 2120 of 2021 and litigation by civil society organizations it has been substantially amended by Resolution No. 2492 of 2022.
Law for Promotion of Healthy Food Environments and NCD Prevention (Law No. 2120 of 2021)Colombia LawLegislationJul. 30 2021"Claims on packaging, Free safe water, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Labeling, Nutrition education, School Environment"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/law-for-promotion-of-healthy-food-environments-and-ncd-prevention/Also known as "Ley Comida Chatarra" this law seeks to adopt effective measures that promote healthy food environments guaranteeing the basic right to health especially for children and adolescents with the aim of preventing the emergence of NCDs.
Colombian Parents’ Corporation of Mothers and Fathers Red PaPaz v. Ministry of Health (Case No. 25000234100020190106300)Colombia DecisionJudicialNov. 10 2022"Advertising, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Internet, Labeling, Marketing, Radio, Right to health, TV"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/colombian-parents-corporation-of-mothers-and-fathers-papaz-network-network-v-ministry-of-health-and-social-protection-and-others/Whether the lack of an appropriate regulatory framework on ultra-processed food products violate the collective right to health of consumers and particularly of children.
Law for Control Care and Prevention of Obesity and related NCDs (Law No. 1355 of 2009)Colombia LawLegislationOct. 14 2009"Advertising, Children, Content regulation, Labeling, Marketing, Nutrition education, School Environment, School meals, Trans fat content"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/law-1355-from-2009/To declare obesity and the non-communicable diseases associated with it a public health priority and to adopt measures for its control care and prevention.
Standards ActJamaica LawLegislationJul. 15 1969"Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/standards-act-2/This law is the general law prescribing minimum standards for commodities including food.
Standards (Labelling of Processed Food) RegulationsJamaica LawAdministrative ActsOct. 1 1974"Advertising in labeling, Back-of-pack labeling, Claims on packaging, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/standards-labelling-of-processed-food-regulations/These regulations prescribe minimum labelling requirements for processed food in Jamaica.
Standards ActBarbados LawLegislationJun. 1 2006"Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/standards-act/This law is the general law prescribing minimum labeling requirements for commodities and pre-packaged products including foods. It consolidates and revises the law on standards in respect of goods and services.
Amendment to NOM-51 – Front-of-Pack Labeling (Warning Labels)Mexico LawAdministrative ActsMar. 27 2020"Advertising in labeling, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/nom-051-scfi-ssa1-2010-general-labelling-specifications-for-pre-packaged-food-and-non-alcoholic-beverages-commercial-and-sanitary-information/This administrative regulation (NORMA Oficial Mexicana) amends NOM-51. It introduces a front-of-pack labeling model based on warning labels effectively repealing the 2014 amendment to NOM-51. Moreover it introduces advertising restrictions.
El Poder del Consumidor v. GovernmentMexico DecisionJudicialMay. 8 2018"Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/el-poder-del-consumidor-v-government/El Poder del Consumidor (EPC) filed an unconstituionality claim challenging the Regulation on Health Control of Products and Services in its article 25 which states that -amongst other requirements- labelling on food and non alcoholic beverages should include the content of total sugars. The judge granted the claim but the authorities appealed and the case got resolved by the Supreme Court.
Ordinance on National Food and Nutrition PolicyBrazil LawAdministrative ActsNov. 17 2011"Fundamental Rights, Labeling, Right to food, Right to health, Right to information"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/national-food-and-nutrition-policy/This ordinance establishes guidelines for improve food conditions nutrition and health of the Brazilian population aimed at promoting adequate and healthy food practices food surveillance and nutrition preventing and caring of diseases related to food and nutrition.
Food and Drugs ActJamaica LawLegislationAug. 4 1975"Labeling, Marketing"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/food-and-drugs-act-2/This law is the general law on food drugs cosmetics and devices in Jamaica.
Food and Drugs RegulationsJamaica LawAdministrative ActsAug. 4 1975"Content regulation, Labeling, Marketing, Sodium content"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/food-and-drugs-regulations/This law provides for the regulation of food drugs cosmetics and medical devices.
Associação Nacional de Defesa da Cidadania e do Consumidor (Anadec) v. Vinícola Perini – 2016Brazil DecisionJudicial2016"Advertising in labeling, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/associacao-nacional-de-defesa-da-cidadania-e-do-consumidor-anadec-v-vinicola-perini-2016/A public civil lawsuit [ação civil pública] affirming the legality of the absence of information on sodium and calories contents on the labels of wine bottles.
Office of the Federal Prosecutor v. National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA)Brazil DecisionJudicialSep. 27 2016"Advertising in labeling, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/office-of-the-federal-prosecutor-v-national-health-surveillance-agency-anvisa-2016/A public civil lawsuit [ação civil pública] against the National Health Surveillance Agency [Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA)] due to irregularities on the labels of light and diet products .
Consumer Protection Agency of the State of Mato Grosso v. Bayer S.A.Brazil DecisionAdministrative2016"Children, Claims on packaging, Internet, Labeling, Marketing"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/consumer-protection-agency-of-the-state-of-mato-grosso-v-bayer-s-a-2016/Administrative decision issuing a fine against Bayer S.A. due to a marketing campaign that targeted children.
National Operational Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Obesity in Children and Adolescents in Jamaica (2016-2020)Jamaica LawProgrammatic documentsJun. 2016"Fiscal Policies, Labeling, Marketing, School Environment"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/national-operational-action-plan-for-the-prevention-and-control-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-in-jamaica-2016-2020/The National Operational Plan of Action seeks to operationalize the obesity prevention activities of the National Strategic and Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs).
Consumer Defense CodeBrazil LawLegislationSep. 11 1990"Advertising, Internet, Labeling, Marketing, Promotion, Sponsorship"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/law-no-8-078-of-september-11-1990/This law establishes rules of consumer protection and defense public order and social interest in accordance with articles 5 items XXXII 170 item V of the Brazilian Federal Constitution and article 48 of its Transitional Provisions.
Processed Food ActJamaica LawLegislationOct. 15 1959"Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/processed-food-act/This law prescribes general requirements in relation to processed food including their manufacturing or handling. It was amended in 2012.
Technical Regulation on the Requirements of Labeling for Packaged Foods and Raw Materials (Resolution No. 2652 of 2004)Colombia LawAdministrative ActsAug. 20 2004"Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/resolution-no-2652-of-2004/The purpose of the technical regulation is to establish the requirements for labels of packaged food for human consumption as well as those of raw materials for food in order to provide the consumer sufficient clear and understandable information about the product that is not misleading or confusing and allows the consumer make an informed choice.
Regulations Relating to the Labelling and Advertising of FoodstuffsSouth Africa LawAdministrative ActsMar. 1 2010"Advertising in labeling, Claims on packaging, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/no-32975/It prescribes minimum labelling requirements for all foodstuffs imported sold offered or prepackaged in South Africa
Resolution on Technical Regulation on Complementary Nutritional InformationBrazil LawAdministrative ActsNov. 12 2012"Claims on packaging, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/rdc-54-201/This resolution incorporates Mercosur Resolution No. 01/2012 standards on complementary nutritional labeling of packaged foods regulating it.
Resolution on Pre-packaged Foods Nutritional LabelingBrazil LawAdministrative ActsOct. 8 2020"Back-of-pack labeling, Claims on packaging, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/rdc-no-429-of-october-8-2020/This resolution regulates nutritional claims and front-of-pack nutritional labeling in pre-packaged food.
Basic Food Standards Decree-LawBrazil LawLegislationOct. 21 1969"Claims on packaging, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/decree-law-986-1969/This decree provides regulations on the format of nutritional labeling of packaged foods.
Resolution on Technical Regulation for Packaged Food LabellingBrazil LawAdministrative ActsSep. 20 2002"Back-of-pack labeling, Claims on packaging, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/rdc-259-2002/This resolution incorporates into domestic legislation the Mercosur Resolutions GMC No. 06/94 and 02/21 on mandatory and optional labeling of packaged foods.
National Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Overweight Obesity and DiabetesMexico LawProgrammatic documentsOct. 2013"Labeling, Marketing"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/national-strategy-for-the-prevention-and-control-of-overweight-obesity-and-diabetes/The strategy arises due to the magnitude and frequency with which the population suffers from overweight obesity and other NCDs which cause very high levels of expenditure in the health system.
El Poder del Consumidor v. GovernmentMexico DecisionJudicialMay. 8 2019"Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/el-poder-del-consumidor-v-government-2015/El Poder del Consumidor (EPC) filed an unconstitutionality claim challenging the Guideline Daily Amount (GDA) labeling model in Mexico. After a positive decision in the first instance the case was taken by the Supreme Court.
NOM-51 General labeling specifications for prepackaged food and non-alcoholic beverages – Commercial and health informationMexico LawAdministrative ActsFeb. 18 2010"Back-of-pack labeling, Claims on packaging, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/general-labeling-specifications-for-prepackaged-food-and-non-alcoholic-beverages-commercial-and-health-information/This administrative regulation (NORMA Oficial Mexicana) sets forth the commercial and health information requirements for the labeling of prepackaged food and non-alcoholic beverages.
Regulation of Sanitary Control of Products and ServicesMexico LawAdministrative ActsAug. 9 1999"Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/regulation-of-sanitary-control-of-products-and-services/The purpose of the Regulation is to control and carry out the corresponding health promotion of the manufacturing import and export process as well as activities services and establishments related to food products and other goods.
Brazilian Food Industry Association (ABIA) v. National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA)Brazil DecisionJudicialJul. 24 2018"Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/brazilian-food-industry-association-abia-v-national-health-surveillance-agency-anvisa-2018/An injunction filed against ANVISA due to their denial to postpone the deadline of the public consultation on the front of packaging labeling (FOPL) measures.