Law Documents

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  • International · Law · International norms

    Political declaration of the third high-level meeting of the General Assembly on the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases

    Oct. 17, 2018 To accelerate the response to address non-communicable diseases for the health and well-being of present and future generations.

    • Content regulationFiscal PoliciesFundamental RightsMarketingSchool Environment
    • 1
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  • International · Law · International norms

    Outcome document of the second high-level meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on non-communicable diseases

    Jul. 10, 2014 To take stock of the progress since the first high-level meeting on non-communicable diseases in 2011, reaffirm, and strengthen the commitments.

    • Fiscal PoliciesLabelingMarketingSchool Environment
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  • International · Law · International norms

    WHO Guideline: Policies to protect children from the harmful impact of food marketing

    Jul. 3, 2023 To provide Member States with recommendations and implementation considerations on policies to protect children from the harmful impact of food marketing

    • Marketing
    • 1
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  • International · Law · International norms

    WHO Set of recommendations on the marketing of foods and non-alcoholic beverages to children

    May. 21, 2010 To call for global action to reduce the impact of marketing of unhealthy foods and non-alcoholic beverages to children, and to facilitate the policy processes and mechanisms to reach this...

    • Marketing
    • 1
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  • International · Law · International norms

    Global action plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases 2013-2030

    May. 27, 2013 The WHO Global Action Plan on NCDs operationalizes the commitments made in the Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable...

    • MarketingContent regulationFiscal PoliciesFundamental RightsLabelingSchool Environment
    • 2
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  • International · Law · International norms

    Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health

    May. 26, 2004 To provide guidance for the development of an enabling environment for sustainable actions at individual, community, national and global levels that, when taken together, will lead to reduced disease and...

    • MarketingLabelingContent regulationFiscal PoliciesSchool Environment
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  • International · Law · International norms

    Interim report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to food

    Aug. 3, 2016 The report reiterates the importance of a rights-based approach to “adequate food”, and highlights that unhealthy diets are a form of malnutrition

    • MarketingFiscal PoliciesLabelingFundamental RightsSchool Environment
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  • International · Law · International norms

    General comment No. 25 (2021) on children’s rights in relation to the digital environment

    Mar. 2, 2021 The General Comment provides guidance on legislative, policy and other measures to promote, respect, and fulfill all children's rights in the digital environment.

    • MarketingFundamental Rights
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  • International · Law · International norms

    General comment No. 15 (2013) on the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health (art. 24)

    Apr. 17, 2013 The General Comment provides guidance and support to States parties and other duty bearers in respecting, protecting and fulfilling children’s right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of...

    • MarketingFundamental RightsSchool Environment
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  • International · Law · International norms

    The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Sustainable Development Goals)

    Oct. 21, 2015 The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development provides a comprehensive and far-reaching plan for Sustainable Development Goals

    • Fundamental Rights
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  • International · Law · International norms

    Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases

    Sep. 19, 2011 To shed light on the global burden and threat of non-communicable diseases as one of the major challenges for development in the twenty-first century

    • MarketingContent regulationSchool EnvironmentFundamental Rights
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  • International · Law · International norms

    Unhealthy foods, non-communicable diseases and the right to health – Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to health

    Apr. 1, 2014 In this report, the Special Rapporteur highlights the link between unhealthy foods and diet-related non-communicable diseases, underscoring the urgent need for States to address structural changes in the food environment,...

    • MarketingFiscal PoliciesLabelingFundamental RightsSchool Environment
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  • International · Law · International norms

    Report submitted by the Special Rapporteur on the right to food

    Dec. 26, 2011 The report shows how undernutrition, micronutrient deficiency and overnutrition are different dimensions of malnutrition that must be addressed to fully realize the right to food

    • MarketingFiscal PoliciesFundamental RightsSchool Environment
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  • Regional · Law · International norms

    Noncommunicable diseases and human rights in the Americas – Report of the Special Rapporteur on Economic, Social, Cultural and Environmental Rights of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

    Aug. 23, 2023 The report analyzes the relationship between the effective enjoyment of human rights and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the Americas

    • Fundamental Rights
    • 1
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  • International · Law · International norms

    Food, nutrition and the right to health – Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to health

    Jul. 14, 2023 Using the frameworks of intersectionality, anti-coloniality and anti-racism, as well as existing international human rights laws and standards, the Special Rapporteur examines how the lack of access to safe and...

    • MarketingFiscal PoliciesLabelingFundamental Rights
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  • Brazil · Decision · Judicial

    Brazilian Industry Association of Cookies, Pasta, Breads and Cakes Industrialized (ABIMAPI) v. National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA)

    Sep. 11, 2023 Whether ANVISA had the competence to issue Resolution (RDC) no. 24/2010, which regulates the advertising of food and beverages with low nutritional value.

    • Marketing
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  • Brazil · Law · Administrative Acts

    Adequate and Healthy Eating in the School Environment Standarts Decree

    Dec. 12, 2023 The decree provides for the principles, objectives, strategic axes and guidelines to promote adequate and healthy eating in the school environment.

    • MarketingSchool Environment
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  • Mexico · Law · Administrative Acts

    Decree by which various provisions of the Regulation of the General Health Law on advertising are amended, added, and repealed

    Feb. 14, 2014 To restrict advertising of prepackaged foods and beverages in order to protect public health and the best interest of the child

    • Marketing
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  • Mexico · Law · Administrative Acts

    Amendment to NOM-51 – Front of Pack Labeling (Guidelines Daily Amounts)

    Jul. 25, 2014 This administrative regulation amends NOM-51 to mandate the adoption of a front-of-pack labeling model based on the guidelines daily amount (GDA)

    • Labeling
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  • Colombia · Regional · Decision · Judicial

    Gasesosas Colombianas v Colombia (Opinion No. 010-2023)

    Jul. 25, 2023 Whether Resolution 2492 de 2022, which adopts a front-of-pack labeling (FOPL) model in Colombia, violates the norms of the Andean Community that require technical regulations to be adopted in a...

    • Labeling
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  • Colombia · Decision · Judicial

    Juan Manuel Charry Urueña y Miryam Elfriede Anaya Sánchez v Colombia (Decision C-435-23)

    Oct. 25, 2023 Whether the tax reform that introduced a tax on ultra-processed foods and ultra-processed sugary beverages (Law No. 2227 of 2022) violates the principles of equality, freedom of enterprise, and free...

    • Fiscal PoliciesFundamental Rights
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  • Colombia · Decision · Judicial

    Carlos Mario Salgado Morales v Ministry of Health (Case No. 25000-23-41-000-2022-00942-01)

    Oct. 27, 2022 Whether the technical parameters on front-of-pack labeling (FOPL) established by Resolution No. 810 of 2021 comply with the requirements laid out in Law No. 2120 of 2021, and specifically that...

    • Labeling
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  • Mexico · Decision · Judicial

    Desde el Corazón del Fruto, S.A. de C.V. v Government

    2020 In 2020, plaintiff filed an amparo measure against the Amendment to NOM-51 that adopted front-of-package warning labels for prepackaged food and beverages.

    • MarketingLabelingFundamental RightsContent regulation
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  • Mexico · Decision · Judicial

    Santa Clara, S.A. de C.V. v. Government

    2022 In 2020, plaintiff filed an amparo measure against the Modification of the Mexican Official Norm that regulates the General labelling specifications for pre-packaged food and non-alcoholic beverages.

    • MarketingLabelingContent regulationFundamental Rights
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  • Colombia · Law · Administrative Acts

    Resolution establishing the technical regulation for nutritional labeling of prepackaged food (Resolution No. 333 of 2011)

    Feb. 15, 2011 Implementing article 10 of Law No. 1355 of 2009, this regulation establishes the conditions and requirements for nutritional back-of-pack labeling of prepackaged foods.

    • Labeling
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  • Colombia · Law · Administrative Acts

    Resolution adopting technical criteria for front-of-pack nutritional labeling (Resolution No. 2492 of 2022)

    Dec. 13, 2022 This resolution modifies Resolution No. 810 of 2021 on technical regulation on front-of-pack nutritional labeling (FOPL).

    • Labeling
    • 1
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  • Colombia · Law · Administrative Acts

    Resolution adopting technical criteria for front-of-pack nutritional labeling (Resolution No. 810 of 2021)

    Jun. 16, 2021 This resolution adopts technical criteria for front-of-pack nutritional labeling (FOPL). Following the adoption of Law No. 2120 of 2021 and litigation by civil society organizations it has been substantially amended...

    • Labeling
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  • Colombia · Law · Legislation

    Law adopting a Tax Reform for Equality and Social Justice (Law No. 2277 of 2022)

    Dec. 13, 2022 This law reforms the country's tax structure to promote equality and social justice, and adopts a tax on ultra-processed foods and ultra-processed sugary beverages

    • Fiscal Policies
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  • Brazil · Law · Legislation

    Law on the Childhood Obesity Prevention in the Municipality of Rio de Janeiro

    Jul. 12, 2023 This law establishes actions to prevent childhood obesity.

    • School Environment
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  • Brazil · Law · Legislation

    Law on the Prohibition of the Commercialization and Advertising of Products Related to Childhood Obesity in the Municipality of Niteroi

    Nov. 19, 2009 Law on the prohibition of the commercialization, acquisition, manufacturing, distribution, and advertising of products related to childhood obesity. This law has been amended by Law No. 3766 of 2023, and...

    • MarketingSchool Environment
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  • Brazil · Law · Legislation

    Law on the Prohibition of the Commercialization and Advertising of Ultraprocessed Products in the Municipality of Niterói

    Jan. 06, 2023 It amends the Law No. 2659 of 2009 that aims to prohibit the sale, purchase, manufacture, distribution and advertising of products that contribute to childhood obesity

    • MarketingSchool Environment
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  • Colombia · Law · Legislation

    Law for Promotion of Healthy Food Environments and NCD Prevention (Law No. 2120 of 2021)

    Jul. 30, 2021 Also known as "Ley Comida Chatarra", this law seeks to adopt effective measures that promote healthy food environments, guaranteeing the basic right to health, especially for children and adolescents, with...

    • LabelingSchool Environment
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  • Colombia · Decision · Judicial

    Colombian Parents’ Corporation of Mothers and Fathers, Red PaPaz v. Ministry of Health (Case No. 25000234100020190106300)

    Nov. 10, 2022 Whether the lack of an appropriate regulatory framework on ultra-processed food products violate the collective right to health of consumers, and particularly of children.

    • MarketingLabelingFundamental Rights
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  • Colombia · Law · Programmatic documents

    National Guidelines for the Implementation and Development of Healthy Environment Strategies

    Dec. 2006 The guidelines were created to contribute to the creation of a sustainable environment through coordinated action, that allows for the adequate development of children, young people, families and communities in...

    • School Environment
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  • Colombia · Law · Legislation

    Law for Control, Care and Prevention of Obesity and related NCDs (Law No. 1355 of 2009)

    Oct. 14, 2009 To declare obesity and the non-communicable diseases associated with it a public health priority, and to adopt measures for its control, care, and prevention.

    • MarketingContent regulationLabelingSchool Environment
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  • Jamaica · Law · Legislation

    Standards Act

    Jul. 15, 1969 This law is the general law prescribing minimum standards for commodities, including food.

    • Labeling
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  • Jamaica · Law · Administrative Acts

    Standards (Labelling of Processed Food) Regulations

    Oct. 1, 1974 These regulations prescribe minimum labelling requirements for processed food in Jamaica.

    • Labeling
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  • Barbados · Law · Legislation

    Standards Act

    Jun. 1, 2006 This law is the general law prescribing minimum labeling requirements for commodities and pre-packaged products, including foods. It consolidates and revises the law on standards in respect of goods and...

    • Labeling
    • 1
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  • Mexico · Law · Administrative Acts

    Amendment to NOM-51 – Front-of-Pack Labeling (Warning Labels)

    Mar. 27, 2020 This administrative regulation (NORMA Oficial Mexicana) amends NOM-51. It introduces a front-of-pack labeling model based on warning labels, effectively repealing the 2014 amendment to NOM-51. Moreover, it introduces advertising restrictions....

    • Labeling
    • Compare
  • Mexico · Law · Legislation

    Law For The Prevention and Treatment of Obesity and Eating Disorders in Mexico City

    Jun. 22, 2022 It provides a legal framework to develop mechanisms and tools to prevent and comprehensively address obesity, overweight and eating disorders, as well as to promote the adoption of correct eating...

    • School Environment
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  • Mexico · Decision · Administrative

    Federal Consumer Protection Agency v. Kellogg Company México, S. de R.L de C.V. (Choco Krispis)

    Oct. 4, 2011 After monitoring food advertisements on TV, the Federal Consumer Protection Agency questioned Kelogg Company Mexico's advertisement on one of their cereals (Choco Krispis) because it contained questionable statements regarding the...

    • Marketing
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  • Mexico · Decision · Administrative

    Federal Consumer Protection Agency v. Kellogg Company México, S. de R.L de C.V. (Zucaritas)

    Sep. 28, 2011 After monitoring food advertisements on TV, the Federal Consumer Protection Agency questioned Kelogg Company Mexico's advertisement on one of their cereals (Zucaritas) because it contained phrases subject to misleading minors...

    • Marketing
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  • Mexico · Decision · Judicial

    El Poder del Consumidor v. Government

    May. 8, 2018 El Poder del Consumidor (EPC) filed an unconstituionality claim challenging the Regulation on Health Control of Products and Services in its article 25, which states that -amongst other requirements- labelling...

    • Labeling
    • Compare
  • Brazil · Law · Administrative Acts

    Ordinance on the Protomotion of Healthy Diets in the School Enviroment

    May. 08, 2006 This ordinance establishes guidelines for promoting healthy diets in early childhood as well as in elementary and high schools.

    • School Environment
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  • Brazil · Law · Legislation

    Food and Nutrition Security Standards Decree

    Aug. 25, 2010 This decree provides regulations on law n. 11.346 of 2006, establishing the National Food and Nutrition Policy and the parameters for a national plan about food and nutritional security.

    • Fundamental Rights
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  • Brazil · Law · Legislation

    Law on National Food and Nutritional Security System

    Sep. 15, 2006 This law establishes principles, guidelines and definitions on the human right to food.

    • Fundamental Rights
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  • Brazil · Law · Administrative Acts

    Ordinance on National Food and Nutrition Policy

    Nov. 17, 2011 This ordinance establishes guidelines for improve food conditions, nutrition and health of the Brazilian population aimed at promoting adequate and healthy food practices, food surveillance and nutrition, preventing and caring...

    • Fundamental RightsLabeling
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  • Brazil · Law · Administrative Acts

    Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population

    2014 This document establishes principles and recommendations for an adequate and healthy diet for Brazilian population.

    • Fundamental Rights
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  • Barbados · Law · Programmatic documents

    National School Nutrition Policy

    Sep. 19, 2022 The National School Nutrition Policy of Barbados seeks to create healthy school environments that enhance student learning and are conducive to the development of healthy lifelong eating and activity behaviors...

    • MarketingSchool Environment
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  • South Africa · Decision · Judicial

    Equal Education and Others v. Minister of Basic Education and Others

    Jul. 17, 2020 Whether the Minister of Basic Education had a constitutional and statutory obligation to provide daily nutritious meals to learners who qualified for the school nutrition program.

    • Fundamental Rights
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  • Brazil · Law · Legislation

    Law on Advertising of Food to Children in Basic Education Establishments in the State of Bahia

    Dec. 27, 2018 The law amends the previous law No. 13.582 of 2016 to regulate food advertising targeted at children in basic education establishments.

    • Marketing
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  • Brazil · Law · Legislation

    Law on Regulation of Advertising of Food to Children in the State of Bahia

    Sep. 14, 2016 Law regulating advertising targeted at children

    • Marketing
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  • Brazil · Decision · Judicial

    Brazilian Association of Radio and Television Broadcasts v. Legislative Assembly of the State of Bahia

    Mar. 25, 2021 A direct action of unconstitutionality against a state law from the Legislative Assembly of the State of Bahia [Assembleia Legislativa do Estado da Bahia] prohibiting advertisement targeted at children of...

    • Marketing
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  • Jamaica · Law · Legislation

    Food and Drugs Act

    Aug. 4, 1975 This law is the general law on food, drugs, cosmetics, and devices in Jamaica.

    • LabelingMarketing
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  • Jamaica · Law · Administrative Acts

    Food and Drugs Regulations

    Aug. 4, 1975 This law provides for the regulation of food, drugs, cosmetics and medical devices.

    • Content regulationLabelingMarketing
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  • Jamaica · Law · Programmatic documents

    National School Nutrition Standards

    2021 These Standards seek to define the types of foods and beverages which are restricted, ensure that nourishing food is served more frequently and improve the nutrient quality of school meals....

    • MarketingSchool Environment
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  • Jamaica · Law · Programmatic documents

    National Strategic and Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases in Jamaica 2013-2018

    2013 This strategic and action plan aims to "provide a framework and road map for national action to combat non-communicable diseases and injuries and their risk factors in Jamaica within the...

    • Fiscal PoliciesMarketingSchool Environment
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  • Jamaica · Law · Legislation

    Child Care and Protection Act

    Mar. 26, 2004 This law seeks to promote the best interests, safety and well-being of children in Jamaica.

    • Fundamental Rights
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  • Jamaica · Law · Programmatic documents

    Food and Nutrition Security Policy

    Mar. 2013 This policy provides strategies, actions and a framework for addressing the critical issues of food and nutrition security.

    • Fundamental RightsSchool Environment
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  • Jamaica · Law · Programmatic documents

    National Policy for the Promotion of Healthy Lifestyle in Jamaica

    Apr. 2004 This policy seeks to promote healthy lifestyles in the Jamaican population so as to reduce the risk of developing heart disease, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, cervical cancer and HIV/AIDS and to...

    • School Environment
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  • Jamaica · Law · Programmatic documents

    Food Based Dietary Guidelines for Jamaica

    2015 These guidelines aim to promote healthy behaviors and practices that will help the population aged two years and older to make healthy food choices.

    • School Environment
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  • Barbados · Law · Programmatic documents

    Nutritious and Healthy Foods in Schools Nutritional and Practical Guidelines for Barbados

    2015 These Guidelines aim to provide clear, evidence-based information about the relationship between good nutrition, physical activity and its impact on the health and development of children and young people as...

    • School Environment
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  • Jamaica · Law · Programmatic documents

    National School Nutrition Policy

    2022 This policy seeks to ensure that children entering Jamaican educational facilities are exposed to good nutrition and healthy lifestyles.

    • MarketingSchool Environment
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  • Barbados · Law · Programmatic documents

    National Strategic Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases – 2020-2025

    2020 The National Strategic Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases provides an action plan to address the four main non-communicable diseases of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer and chronic...

    • School Environment
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  • Barbados · Law · Programmatic documents

    Excise Tax on Sweetened Beverages – 2022

    Apr. 1, 2022 The objective of the Excise Tax on Sweetened Beverages is to increase the rate of excise tax on sweetened beverages in an effort to reduce sugar consumption.

    • Fiscal Policies
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  • South Africa · Law · Programmatic documents

    National Food and Nutrition Security Plan

    Nov. 7, 2017 The National Food and Nutrition Strategic Plan (NFNSP) 2018-2023 describes how South Africa will combat the silent crisis of malnutrition and reverse its growth in the next...

    • Fundamental Rights
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  • South Africa · Law · Programmatic documents

    National School Nutrition Programme Guidelines for Tuck Shop Operators

    Feb. 21, 2014 Guideline to promote the availability of healthy food alternatives from school tuck shops in school premises

    • School Environment
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  • Brazil · Decision · Judicial

    Associação Nacional de Defesa da Cidadania e do Consumidor (Anadec) v. Vinícola Perini – 2016

    2016 A public civil lawsuit [ação civil pública] affirming the legality of the absence of information on sodium and calories contents on the labels of wine bottles.

    • Labeling
    • 1
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  • Brazil · Decision · Judicial

    Office of the Federal Prosecutor v. National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA)

    Sep. 27, 2016 A public civil lawsuit [ação civil pública] against the National Health Surveillance Agency [Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA)] due to irregularities on the labels of light and diet products...

    • Labeling
    • 2
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  • Brazil · Decision · Judicial

    Dr. Oetker Brasil Ltda v. Consumer Protection Agency of the State of Sao Paulo

    2017 A lawsuit questioning the legality of a fine issued against Dr. Oetker Brasil Ltda as a punishment for promoting a marketing campaign that targeted children.

    • Marketing
    • 3
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  • Brazil · Decision · Administrative

    Consumer Protection Agency of the State of Mato Grosso v. Bayer S.A.

    2016 Administrative decision issuing a fine against Bayer S.A. due to a marketing campaign that targeted children.

    • MarketingLabeling
    • 2
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  • Brazil · Decision · Judicial

    Office of the Prosecutor of the State of Santa Catarina v. Empresa de Laticínios Tirol LTDA

    2022 A public civil lawsuit [ação civil pública] due to a marketing campaign titled "Tirolzinho Transfoma", which promoted recycling competitions between schools and distributed products to schoolchildren.

    • Marketing
    • 1
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  • Brazil · Decision · Judicial

    Sadia S.A. v. Consumer Protection Agency of the State of Sao Paulo – 2020

    2020 A lawsuit questioning the legality of a fine issued against Sadia S.A. for a marketing campaign that targeted children.

    • Marketing
    • 3
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  • South Africa · Law · Constitutions

    Constitution of the Republic of South Africa

    May. 8, 1996 The constitution establishes the rights to have access to healthcare services, to access sufficient food, access to information and the rights of children, all of which are relevant for NCD...

    • Fundamental Rights
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  • Mexico · Law · Constitutions

    Constitution of the Mexican States

    Feb. 5, 1917 The Mexican Constitution ensures that everyone has the right to health protection. It states that secondary laws shall define the bases and modalities for access to health services and shall...

    • Fundamental Rights
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  • Colombia · Law · Constitutions

    Constitution of Colombia

    Jul. 20, 1991 The Constitution of Colombia regulates the organization of the State, and provides a Bill of Rights with provisions relevant for diet and health.

    • Fundamental Rights
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  • Brazil · Law · Legislation

    Law on the Conditions for the Promotion, Protection and Recovery of Health

    Sep. 19, 1990 This law establishes general principles and guidelines on the health system, and the conditions for the promotion, protection, and recovery of health. Implementation and control mechanisms are coordinated between the...

    • Fundamental Rights
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  • Brazil · Law · Constitutions

    Constitution of Brazil

    Oct. 05, 1988 The 1988 Constitution of Brazil establishes that education, health, the childhood protection, and the right to food are social rights.

    • Fundamental Rights
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  • South Africa · Law · Administrative Acts

    Regulations Relating to the Reduction of Sodium in Certain Foodstuffs and Related Matters

    Mar. 20, 2013 Regulation of sodium content for certain foods in South Africa.

    • Content regulation
    • 1
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  • South Africa · Law · Administrative Acts

    Regulations Relating to Trans-Fat in Foodstuffs

    Feb. 17, 2011 Regulation of trans-fat content in food in South Africa

    • Content regulation
    • 1
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  • Jamaica · Law · Programmatic documents

    National Operational Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Obesity in Children and Adolescents in Jamaica (2016-2020)

    Jun. 2016 The National Operational Plan of Action seeks to operationalize the obesity prevention activities of the National Strategic and Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs).

    • Fiscal PoliciesLabelingMarketingSchool Environment
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  • Brazil · Law · Administrative Acts

    Ordinance on Preventing Obesity

    Jun. 28, 2007 This ordinance establishes guidelines for health care aimed at preventing obesity and helping those who suffer it.

    • Fundamental Rights
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  • Brazil · Law · Administrative Acts

    Resolution on the Consumption of Salt or Sodium

    Apr. 24, 2013 This resolution regulates the content of iodine allowed in salt intended for human consumption.

    • Content regulation
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  • Barbados · Law · Programmatic documents

    Food Based Dietary Guidelines for Barbados

    2017 These Guidelines set out a national framework for nutrition in Barbados and aim to encourage healthy eating habits and to promote active lifestyles for the prevention and management of chronic...

    • School Environment
    • Compare
  • South Africa · Law · Legislation

    Rates and Monetary Amounts and Amendment of Revenue Laws Act

    Dec. 12, 2017 This law imposes a levy on sugary beverages as well as excise and customs duties on some raw materials for the manufacturing of beverages.

    • Fiscal Policies
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  • Mexico · Law · Legislation

    Law on the Special Tax on the Production of Goods and Services

    Dec. 30, 1980 The law regulates the special tax applicable to different goods and services. The law has been amended on 15 November 2016 to include products such as energy drinks, alcoholic beverages,...

    • Fiscal Policies
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  • Barbados · Law · Administrative Acts

    Excise Tax (Amendment) (No. 3) Regulations – 2017

    Aug. 1, 2015 The Regulations imposed an ad valorem excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages.

    • Fiscal Policies
    • 4
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  • Jamaica · Law · Legislation

    Fair Competition Act

    Mar. 9, 1993 This law provides rules for competitive practices and for the establishment of a Commission.

    • Marketing
    • 1
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  • Jamaica · Law · Legislation

    Consumer Protection Act

    Jun. 1, 2005 This law makes provision with respect to the protection of consumers.

    • Marketing
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  • Brazil · Law · Legislation

    Child and Adolescent Statute

    Jul. 13, 1990 This law establishes a protection regime for children and adolescents, which includes norms on family and community life (education, sport, and culture), guardianship, adoption, among other rights.

    • Fundamental Rights
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  • Brazil · Law · Administrative Acts

    Resolution on Advertising and Marketing Communication to Children and Adolescents

    Mar. 13, 2014 This resolution establishes policies on abusive advertising and marketing practices target at children and adolescents.

    • Marketing
    • 1
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  • Brazil · Law · Administrative Acts

    Resolution on the Regulation of Food Advertisement

    Jun. 15, 2010 This resolution regulates the offer, promotion, marketing, and other related practices aimed at the dissemination and commercial promotion of foods high in sugar, saturated fat, trans fat, sodium, and beverages...

    • Marketing
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  • Brazil · Law · Legislation

    Law on Public Policies for Early Childhood

    Mar. 8, 2016 This law establishes public policies for early childhood and amends Law No. 8.069 of July 13, 1990 (Child and Adolescent Statute [Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente]), Decree-Law No. 3.689...

    • Fundamental Rights
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  • Brazil · Law · Legislation

    Consumer Defense Code

    Sep. 11, 1990 This law establishes rules of consumer protection and defense, public order and social interest in accordance with articles 5, items XXXII, 170, item V of the Brazilian Federal Constitution and...

    • MarketingLabeling
    • 1
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  • Barbados · Law · Legislation

    Protection against Unfair Competition Act

    Feb. 19, 2001 This law provides for the protection against unfair competition.

    • Marketing
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  • Barbados · Law · Administrative Acts

    Broadcasting Regulations

    Feb. 5, 2001 These Regulations prohibit certain broadcasts and advertisements.

    • Marketing
    • 1
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  • Barbados · Law · Legislation

    Consumer Protection Act

    Jan. 16, 2003 This law provides for matters relating to the protection and safety of consumers, such as the prohibition of unfair trading practices and unfair contract terms.

    • Marketing
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  • Mexico · Law · Programmatic documents

    General Guidelines for the Sale and Distribution of Food and Beverages for Consumption in Schools

    May. 16, 2014 The purpose of the regulation is to promote healthy nutrition in public schools.

    • School Environment
    • 1
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  • Jamaica · Law · Legislation

    Early Childhood Act

    Nov. 30, 2007 This law requires operators to comply with specific personnel, physical, health and safety and other requirements to ensure that institutions offer safe environments for children.

    • School Environment
    • 1
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  • Jamaica · Law · Programmatic documents

    Standards for the Operation, Management and Administration of Early Childhood Institutions

    2007 The Standards for the Operation, Management and Administration of Early Childhood Institutions define best practices for early childhood institutions and serve to encourage institutions to raise their level of practice...

    • School Environment
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Document Title Document Country Document Law or Decision Document Type Document Date Document Categories Document FULL URL Document Excerpt
Political declaration of the third high-level meeting of the General Assembly on the prevention and control of non-communicable diseasesInternational LawInternational normsOct. 17 2018"Content regulation, Fiscal Policies, Fundamental Rights, Marketing, Right to health, School Environment"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/political-declaration-of-the-third-high-level-meeting-of-the-general-assembly-on-the-prevention-and-control-of-non-communicable-diseases/To accelerate the response to address non-communicable diseases for the health and well-being of present and future generations.
Outcome document of the second high-level meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on non-communicable diseasesInternational LawInternational normsJul. 10 2014"Fiscal Policies, Labeling, Marketing, School Environment"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/outcome-document-of-the-second-high-level-meeting-of-the-united-nations-general-assembly-on-non-communicable-diseases/To take stock of the progress since the first high-level meeting on non-communicable diseases in 2011 reaffirm and strengthen the commitments.
WHO Guideline: Policies to protect children from the harmful impact of food marketingInternational LawInternational normsJul. 3 2023"Advertising, Children, Internet, Marketing, Promotion, Sponsorship"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/who-guideline-policies-to-protect-children-from-the-harmful-impact-of-food-marketing/To provide Member States with recommendations and implementation considerations on policies to protect children from the harmful impact of food marketing
WHO Set of recommendations on the marketing of foods and non-alcoholic beverages to childrenInternational LawInternational normsMay. 21 2010"Advertising, Children, Marketing, Promotion, Schools, Sponsorship"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/who-set-of-recommendations-on-the-marketing-of-foods-and-non-alcoholic-beverages-to-children/To call for global action to reduce the impact of marketing of unhealthy foods and non-alcoholic beverages to children and to facilitate the policy processes and mechanisms to reach this aim
Global action plan for the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases 2013-2030International LawInternational normsMay. 27 2013"Advertising, Children, Content regulation, Fiscal Policies, Fundamental Rights, Labeling, Marketing, School Environment, Sodium content, Subsidies, Trans fat content"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/global-action-plan-for-the-prevention-and-control-of-noncommunicable-diseases-2013-2020/The WHO Global Action Plan on NCDs operationalizes the commitments made in the Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases recognizing the primary role and responsibility of governments in responding to the challenge of NCDs
Global Strategy on Diet Physical Activity and HealthInternational LawInternational normsMay. 26 2004"Advertising, Back-of-pack labeling, Children, Claims on packaging, Content regulation, Fiscal Policies, Labeling, Marketing, Promotion, School Environment, School meals, Sodium content, Sponsorship, Trans fat content"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/global-strategy-on-diet-physical-activity-and-health/To provide guidance for the development of an enabling environment for sustainable actions at individual community national and global levels that when taken together will lead to reduced disease and death rates related to unhealthy diet and physical inactivity.
Interim report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to foodInternational LawInternational normsAug. 3 2016"Advertising, Children, Fiscal Policies, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Fundamental Rights, Increased sales tax, Labeling, Marketing, Right to food, Sale in school premises, Sale near school premises, Sale through vending machines, School Environment, School meals, Tax on sugar-sweetened beverages, Tax on unhealthy foods and beverages"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/interim-report-of-the-special-rapporteur-on-the-right-to-food/The report reiterates the importance of a rights-based approach to “adequate food” and highlights that unhealthy diets are a form of malnutrition
General comment No. 25 (2021) on children’s rights in relation to the digital environmentInternational LawInternational normsMar. 2 2021"Children, Fundamental Rights, Internet, Marketing, Rights of children"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/general-comment-on-childrens-rights-in-relation-to-the-digital-environment/The General Comment provides guidance on legislative policy and other measures to promote respect and fulfill all children's rights in the digital environment.
General comment No. 15 (2013) on the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health (art. 24)International LawInternational normsApr. 17 2013"Advertising, Children, Fundamental Rights, Marketing, Nutrition education, Rights of children, Sale in school premises, School Environment, School meals"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/general-comment-on-the-right-of-the-child-to-the-enjoyment-of-the-highest-attainable-standard-of-health-art-24/The General Comment provides guidance and support to States parties and other duty bearers in respecting protecting and fulfilling children’s right to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Sustainable Development Goals)International LawInternational normsOct. 21 2015"Fundamental Rights, Right to health"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/transforming-our-world-the-2030-agenda-for-sustainable-development/The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development provides a comprehensive and far-reaching plan for Sustainable Development Goals
Political Declaration of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable DiseasesInternational LawInternational normsSep. 19 2011"Children, Content regulation, Marketing, Nutrition education, Right to health, School Environment, Sodium content, Trans fat content"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/political-declaration-of-the-high-level-meeting-of-the-general-assembly-on-the-prevention-and-control-of-non-communicable-diseases/To shed light on the global burden and threat of non-communicable diseases as one of the major challenges for development in the twenty-first century
Unhealthy foods non-communicable diseases and the right to health – Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to healthInternational LawInternational normsApr. 1 2014"Advertising, Children, Fiscal Policies, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Fundamental Rights, Labeling, Marketing, Nutrition education, Procurement policies, Right to food, Right to health, School Environment, Subsidies, Tax on sugar-sweetened beverages"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/unhealthy-foods-non-communicable-diseases-and-the-right-to-health-report-of-the-special-rapporteur-on-the-right-to-health/In this report the Special Rapporteur highlights the link between unhealthy foods and diet-related non-communicable diseases underscoring the urgent need for States to address structural changes in the food environment which negatively impact individuals’ enjoyment of the right to adequate and nutritious food – an underlying determinant of the right to health
Report submitted by the Special Rapporteur on the right to foodInternational LawInternational normsDec. 26 2011"Advertising, Children, Fiscal Policies, Fundamental Rights, Marketing, Procurement policies, Right to food, School Environment, Subsidies, Tax on sugar-sweetened beverages, Tax on unhealthy foods and beverages"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/report-submitted-by-the-united-nations-special-rapporteur-on-the-right-to-food/The report shows how undernutrition micronutrient deficiency and overnutrition are different dimensions of malnutrition that must be addressed to fully realize the right to food
Noncommunicable diseases and human rights in the Americas – Report of the Special Rapporteur on Economic Social Cultural and Environmental Rights of the Inter-American Commission on Human RightsRegional LawInternational normsAug. 23 2023"Fundamental Rights, Right to food, Right to health, Right to information, Rights of children"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/noncommunicable-diseases-and-human-rights-in-the-americas-a-report-by-the-special-rapporteur-on-economic-social-cultural-and-environmental-rights-of-the-inter-american-commission-on-human-rights/The report analyzes the relationship between the effective enjoyment of human rights and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the Americas
Food nutrition and the right to health – Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to healthInternational LawInternational normsJul. 14 2023"Advertising, Children, Fiscal Policies, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Fundamental Rights, Labeling, Marketing, Right to food, Right to health, Right to information, Rights of children"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/food-nutrition-and-the-right-to-health-report-of-the-special-rapporteur/Using the frameworks of intersectionality anti-coloniality and anti-racism as well as existing international human rights laws and standards the Special Rapporteur examines how the lack of access to safe and nutritious food has an impact on growth development and quality of life across the life cycle.
Brazilian Industry Association of Cookies Pasta Breads and Cakes Industrialized (ABIMAPI) v. National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA)Brazil DecisionJudicialSep. 11 2023"Advertising, Marketing"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/brazilian-industry-association-of-cookies-pasta-breads-and-cakes-industrialized-abimapi-v-national-health-surveillance-agency-anvisa/Whether ANVISA had the competence to issue Resolution (RDC) no. 24/2010 which regulates the advertising of food and beverages with low nutritional value.
Adequate and Healthy Eating in the School Environment Standarts DecreeBrazil LawAdministrative ActsDec. 12 2023"Advertising, Children, Marketing, Nutrition education, Promotion, Sale in school premises, School Environment, Schools, Sponsorship"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/adequate-and-healthy-eating-in-the-school-environment-standarts-decree/The decree provides for the principles objectives strategic axes and guidelines to promote adequate and healthy eating in the school environment.
Decree by which various provisions of the Regulation of the General Health Law on advertising are amended added and repealedMexico LawAdministrative ActsFeb. 14 2014"Advertising, Children, Marketing, TV"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/decree-by-which-various-provisions-of-the-regulation-of-the-general-health-law-on-advertising-are-amended-added-and-repealed/To restrict advertising of prepackaged foods and beverages in order to protect public health and the best interest of the child
Amendment to NOM-51 – Front of Pack Labeling (Guidelines Daily Amounts)Mexico LawAdministrative ActsJul. 25 2014"Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/amendment-to-nom-51-front-of-pack-labeling-guidelines-daily-amounts/This administrative regulation amends NOM-51 to mandate the adoption of a front-of-pack labeling model based on the guidelines daily amount (GDA)
Gasesosas Colombianas v Colombia (Opinion No. 010-2023)Colombia Regional DecisionJudicialJul. 25 2023"Claims on packaging, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/gasesosas-colombianas-v-republica-de-colombia/Whether Resolution 2492 de 2022 which adopts a front-of-pack labeling (FOPL) model in Colombia violates the norms of the Andean Community that require technical regulations to be adopted in a transparent manner and that they are no more restrictive than necessary to achieve a legitimate objective (Articles 5 6 and 8 of the Decision 827).
Juan Manuel Charry Urueña y Miryam Elfriede Anaya Sánchez v Colombia (Decision C-435-23)Colombia DecisionJudicialOct. 25 2023"Excise tax, Fiscal Policies, Right to food, Right to health, Tax on sugar-sweetened beverages, Tax on unhealthy foods and beverages"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/decision-c-435-23/Whether the tax reform that introduced a tax on ultra-processed foods and ultra-processed sugary beverages (Law No. 2227 of 2022) violates the principles of equality freedom of enterprise and free competition.
Carlos Mario Salgado Morales v Ministry of Health (Case No. 25000-23-41-000-2022-00942-01)Colombia DecisionJudicialOct. 27 2022"Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/carlos-mario-salgado-morales-v-ministry-of-health-and-social-protection/Whether the technical parameters on front-of-pack labeling (FOPL) established by Resolution No. 810 of 2021 comply with the requirements laid out in Law No. 2120 of 2021 and specifically that they are "based on the best scientific evidence available and free of conflict of interest".
Desde el Corazón del Fruto S.A. de C.V. v GovernmentMexico DecisionJudicial2020"Advertising, Advertising in labeling, Children, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Fundamental Rights, Health warnings in points of sale, Labeling, Marketing, Right to food, Right to health, Right to information, Trans fat content"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/desde-el-corazon-del-fruto-s-a-de-c-v-v-government/In 2020 plaintiff filed an amparo measure against the Amendment to NOM-51 that adopted front-of-package warning labels for prepackaged food and beverages.
Santa Clara S.A. de C.V. v. GovernmentMexico DecisionJudicial2022"Advertising, Advertising in labeling, Children, Content regulation, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Fundamental Rights, Health warnings in points of sale, Labeling, Marketing, Right to food, Right to health, Right to information, Rights of children, Trans fat content"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/1633/In 2020 plaintiff filed an amparo measure against the Modification of the Mexican Official Norm that regulates the General labelling specifications for pre-packaged food and non-alcoholic beverages.
Resolution establishing the technical regulation for nutritional labeling of prepackaged food (Resolution No. 333 of 2011)Colombia LawAdministrative ActsFeb. 15 2011"Back-of-pack labeling, Claims on packaging, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/resolution-establishing-the-technical-regulation-for-nutritional-labeling-of-prepackaged-food/Implementing article 10 of Law No. 1355 of 2009 this regulation establishes the conditions and requirements for nutritional back-of-pack labeling of prepackaged foods.
Resolution adopting technical criteria for front-of-pack nutritional labeling (Resolution No. 2492 of 2022)Colombia LawAdministrative ActsDec. 13 2022"Claims on packaging, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/resolution-adopting-technical-criteria-for-front-of-pack-nutritional-labeling-partially-amending-resolution-810-of-210/This resolution modifies Resolution No. 810 of 2021 on technical regulation on front-of-pack nutritional labeling (FOPL).
Resolution adopting technical criteria for front-of-pack nutritional labeling (Resolution No. 810 of 2021)Colombia LawAdministrative ActsJun. 16 2021"Front-of-pack nutritional labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/resolution-adopting-technical-criteria-for-front-of-pack-nutritional-labeling/This resolution adopts technical criteria for front-of-pack nutritional labeling (FOPL). Following the adoption of Law No. 2120 of 2021 and litigation by civil society organizations it has been substantially amended by Resolution No. 2492 of 2022.
Law adopting a Tax Reform for Equality and Social Justice (Law No. 2277 of 2022)Colombia LawLegislationDec. 13 2022"Excise tax, Fiscal Policies, Tax on sugar-sweetened beverages, Tax on unhealthy foods and beverages"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/law-adopting-a-tax-reform-for-equality-and-social-justice/This law reforms the country's tax structure to promote equality and social justice and adopts a tax on ultra-processed foods and ultra-processed sugary beverages
Law on the Childhood Obesity Prevention in the Municipality of Rio de JaneiroBrazil LawLegislationJul. 12 2023"Sale in school premises, School Environment"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/law-on-the-childhood-obesity-prevention-in-the-municipality-of-rio-de-janeiro/This law establishes actions to prevent childhood obesity.
Law on the Prohibition of the Commercialization and Advertising of Products Related to Childhood Obesity in the Municipality of NiteroiBrazil LawLegislationNov. 19 2009"Advertising, Children, Marketing, Promotion, Sale in school premises, School Environment, Schools"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/law-on-the-prohibition-of-the-commercialization-and-advertising-of-products-related-to-childhood-obesity-in-the-municipality-of-niteroi/Law on the prohibition of the commercialization acquisition manufacturing distribution and advertising of products related to childhood obesity. This law has been amended by Law No. 3766 of 2023 and the changes are reflected in the text.
Law on the Prohibition of the Commercialization and Advertising of Ultraprocessed Products in the Municipality of NiteróiBrazil LawLegislationJan. 06 2023"Advertising, Children, Marketing, Promotion, Sale in school premises, School Environment, Schools"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/law-on-the-prohibition-of-the-commercialization-and-advertising-of-ultraprocessed-products-in-the-municipality-of-niteroi/It amends the Law No. 2659 of 2009 that aims to prohibit the sale purchase manufacture distribution and advertising of products that contribute to childhood obesity
Law for Promotion of Healthy Food Environments and NCD Prevention (Law No. 2120 of 2021)Colombia LawLegislationJul. 30 2021"Claims on packaging, Free safe water, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Labeling, Nutrition education, School Environment"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/law-for-promotion-of-healthy-food-environments-and-ncd-prevention/Also known as "Ley Comida Chatarra" this law seeks to adopt effective measures that promote healthy food environments guaranteeing the basic right to health especially for children and adolescents with the aim of preventing the emergence of NCDs.
Colombian Parents’ Corporation of Mothers and Fathers Red PaPaz v. Ministry of Health (Case No. 25000234100020190106300)Colombia DecisionJudicialNov. 10 2022"Advertising, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Internet, Labeling, Marketing, Radio, Right to health, TV"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/colombian-parents-corporation-of-mothers-and-fathers-papaz-network-network-v-ministry-of-health-and-social-protection-and-others/Whether the lack of an appropriate regulatory framework on ultra-processed food products violate the collective right to health of consumers and particularly of children.
National Guidelines for the Implementation and Development of Healthy Environment StrategiesColombia LawProgrammatic documentsDec. 2006"Nutrition education, School Environment"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/national-guidelines-for-the-implementation-and-development-of-healthy-environment-strategies/The guidelines were created to contribute to the creation of a sustainable environment through coordinated action that allows for the adequate development of children young people families and communities in their individual family and collective habitat.
Law for Control Care and Prevention of Obesity and related NCDs (Law No. 1355 of 2009)Colombia LawLegislationOct. 14 2009"Advertising, Children, Content regulation, Labeling, Marketing, Nutrition education, School Environment, School meals, Trans fat content"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/law-1355-from-2009/To declare obesity and the non-communicable diseases associated with it a public health priority and to adopt measures for its control care and prevention.
Standards ActJamaica LawLegislationJul. 15 1969"Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/standards-act-2/This law is the general law prescribing minimum standards for commodities including food.
Standards (Labelling of Processed Food) RegulationsJamaica LawAdministrative ActsOct. 1 1974"Advertising in labeling, Back-of-pack labeling, Claims on packaging, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/standards-labelling-of-processed-food-regulations/These regulations prescribe minimum labelling requirements for processed food in Jamaica.
Standards ActBarbados LawLegislationJun. 1 2006"Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/standards-act/This law is the general law prescribing minimum labeling requirements for commodities and pre-packaged products including foods. It consolidates and revises the law on standards in respect of goods and services.
Amendment to NOM-51 – Front-of-Pack Labeling (Warning Labels)Mexico LawAdministrative ActsMar. 27 2020"Advertising in labeling, Front-of-pack nutritional labeling, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/nom-051-scfi-ssa1-2010-general-labelling-specifications-for-pre-packaged-food-and-non-alcoholic-beverages-commercial-and-sanitary-information/This administrative regulation (NORMA Oficial Mexicana) amends NOM-51. It introduces a front-of-pack labeling model based on warning labels effectively repealing the 2014 amendment to NOM-51. Moreover it introduces advertising restrictions.
Law For The Prevention and Treatment of Obesity and Eating Disorders in Mexico CityMexico LawLegislationJun. 22 2022"Sale in school premises, Sale near school premises, School Environment"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/law-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-obesity-and-eating-disorders-in-mexico-city/It provides a legal framework to develop mechanisms and tools to prevent and comprehensively address obesity overweight and eating disorders as well as to promote the adoption of correct eating and nutrition habits among its inhabitants.
Federal Consumer Protection Agency v. Kellogg Company México S. de R.L de C.V. (Choco Krispis)Mexico DecisionAdministrativeOct. 4 2011"Advertising, Children, TV"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/federal-consumer-protection-agency-v-kellogg-company-mexico-s-de-r-l-de-c-v-2/After monitoring food advertisements on TV the Federal Consumer Protection Agency questioned Kelogg Company Mexico's advertisement on one of their cereals (Choco Krispis) because it contained questionable statements regarding the nutrients of the cereal.
Federal Consumer Protection Agency v. Kellogg Company México S. de R.L de C.V. (Zucaritas)Mexico DecisionAdministrativeSep. 28 2011"Advertising, Children, Marketing, Promotion, TV"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/federal-consumer-protection-agency-v-kellogg-company-mexico-s-de-r-l-de-c-v/After monitoring food advertisements on TV the Federal Consumer Protection Agency questioned Kelogg Company Mexico's advertisement on one of their cereals (Zucaritas) because it contained phrases subject to misleading minors regarding energy requirements and sources.
El Poder del Consumidor v. GovernmentMexico DecisionJudicialMay. 8 2018"Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/el-poder-del-consumidor-v-government/El Poder del Consumidor (EPC) filed an unconstituionality claim challenging the Regulation on Health Control of Products and Services in its article 25 which states that -amongst other requirements- labelling on food and non alcoholic beverages should include the content of total sugars. The judge granted the claim but the authorities appealed and the case got resolved by the Supreme Court.
Ordinance on the Protomotion of Healthy Diets in the School EnviromentBrazil LawAdministrative ActsMay. 08 2006"Nutrition education, Sale in school premises, Sale near school premises, School Environment"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/ordinance-on-the-protomotion-of-healthy-diets-in-the-school-enviroment/This ordinance establishes guidelines for promoting healthy diets in early childhood as well as in elementary and high schools.
Food and Nutrition Security Standards DecreeBrazil LawLegislationAug. 25 2010"Fundamental Rights, Right to food, Right to health"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/food-and-nutrition-security-standards-decree/This decree provides regulations on law n. 11.346 of 2006 establishing the National Food and Nutrition Policy and the parameters for a national plan about food and nutritional security.
Law on National Food and Nutritional Security SystemBrazil LawLegislationSep. 15 2006"Fundamental Rights, Right to food, Right to health, Right to information"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/national-food-and-nutrition-security-system/This law establishes principles guidelines and definitions on the human right to food.
Ordinance on National Food and Nutrition PolicyBrazil LawAdministrative ActsNov. 17 2011"Fundamental Rights, Labeling, Right to food, Right to health, Right to information"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/national-food-and-nutrition-policy/This ordinance establishes guidelines for improve food conditions nutrition and health of the Brazilian population aimed at promoting adequate and healthy food practices food surveillance and nutrition preventing and caring of diseases related to food and nutrition.
Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian PopulationBrazil LawAdministrative Acts2014"Fundamental Rights, Right to food, Right to health"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/dietary-guidelines-for-the-brazilian-population/This document establishes principles and recommendations for an adequate and healthy diet for Brazilian population.
National School Nutrition PolicyBarbados LawProgrammatic documentsSep. 19 2022"Advertising, Children, Marketing, School Environment"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/national-school-nutrition-policy-2/The National School Nutrition Policy of Barbados seeks to create healthy school environments that enhance student learning and are conducive to the development of healthy lifelong eating and activity behaviors through a multisectoral and integrated approach.
Equal Education and Others v. Minister of Basic Education and OthersSouth Africa DecisionJudicialJul. 17 2020"Fundamental Rights, Right to food, Right to health, Rights of children"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/equal-education-and-others-v-minister-of-basic-education-and-others-2021/Whether the Minister of Basic Education had a constitutional and statutory obligation to provide daily nutritious meals to learners who qualified for the school nutrition program.
Law on Advertising of Food to Children in Basic Education Establishments in the State of BahiaBrazil LawLegislationDec. 27 2018"Advertising, Children, Marketing, Schools"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/1272/The law amends the previous law No. 13.582 of 2016 to regulate food advertising targeted at children in basic education establishments.
Law on Regulation of Advertising of Food to Children in the State of BahiaBrazil LawLegislationSep. 14 2016"Advertising, Children, Marketing, Schools"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/13-582/Law regulating advertising targeted at children
Brazilian Association of Radio and Television Broadcasts v. Legislative Assembly of the State of BahiaBrazil DecisionJudicialMar. 25 2021"Advertising, Children, Marketing"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/brazilian-association-of-radio-and-television-broadcasts-associacao-brasileira-de-emissoras-de-radio-e-televisao-v-legislative-assembly-of-the-state-of-bahia-assembleia-legislativa-do-estado-da-ba/A direct action of unconstitutionality against a state law from the Legislative Assembly of the State of Bahia [Assembleia Legislativa do Estado da Bahia] prohibiting advertisement targeted at children of foods and beverages with low nutritional value and high in sugar saturated fats or sodium.
Food and Drugs ActJamaica LawLegislationAug. 4 1975"Labeling, Marketing"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/food-and-drugs-act-2/This law is the general law on food drugs cosmetics and devices in Jamaica.
Food and Drugs RegulationsJamaica LawAdministrative ActsAug. 4 1975"Content regulation, Labeling, Marketing, Sodium content"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/food-and-drugs-regulations/This law provides for the regulation of food drugs cosmetics and medical devices.
National School Nutrition StandardsJamaica LawProgrammatic documents2021"Marketing, Sale in school premises, Sale near school premises, Sale through vending machines, School Environment, School meals, Schools"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/national-school-nutrition-standards/These Standards seek to define the types of foods and beverages which are restricted ensure that nourishing food is served more frequently and improve the nutrient quality of school meals.
National Strategic and Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases in Jamaica 2013-2018Jamaica LawProgrammatic documents2013"Fiscal Policies, Marketing, School meals"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/national-strategic-and-action-plan-for-the-prevention-and-control-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-jamaica-2013-2018/This strategic and action plan aims to "provide a framework and road map for national action to combat non-communicable diseases and injuries and their risk factors in Jamaica within the context of the socioeconomic cultural and development agenda".
Child Care and Protection ActJamaica LawLegislationMar. 26 2004"Fundamental Rights, Right to food, Rights of children"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/child-care-and-protection-act/This law seeks to promote the best interests safety and well-being of children in Jamaica.
Food and Nutrition Security PolicyJamaica LawProgrammatic documentsMar. 2013"Right to food, School Environment"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/food-and-nutrition-security-policy/This policy provides strategies actions and a framework for addressing the critical issues of food and nutrition security.
National Policy for the Promotion of Healthy Lifestyle in JamaicaJamaica LawProgrammatic documentsApr. 2004"School Environment"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/national-policy-for-the-promotion-of-healthy-lifestyle-in-jamaica/This policy seeks to promote healthy lifestyles in the Jamaican population so as to reduce the risk of developing heart disease diabetes hypertension obesity cervical cancer and HIV/AIDS and to reduce the incidence of violence and injury.
Food Based Dietary Guidelines for JamaicaJamaica LawProgrammatic documents2015"School meals"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/food-based-dietary-guidelines-for-jamaica/These guidelines aim to promote healthy behaviors and practices that will help the population aged two years and older to make healthy food choices.
Nutritious and Healthy Foods in Schools Nutritional and Practical Guidelines for BarbadosBarbados LawProgrammatic documents2015"School Environment, School meals"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/nutritious-and-healthy-foods-in-schools-nutritional-and-practical-guidelines-for-barbados/These Guidelines aim to provide clear evidence-based information about the relationship between good nutrition physical activity and its impact on the health and development of children and young people as well as to provide nutrient-based standards which can be used to develop suitable menus so that healthy food and drinks can be offered in schools and to encourage schools to develop and implement food policies which promote healthy eating throughout the school.
National School Nutrition PolicyJamaica LawProgrammatic documents2022"Marketing, Sale near school premises, School Environment"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/national-school-nutrition-policy/This policy seeks to ensure that children entering Jamaican educational facilities are exposed to good nutrition and healthy lifestyles.
National Strategic Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases – 2020-2025Barbados LawProgrammatic documents2020"Nutrition education, School meals"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/national-strategic-plan-for-the-prevention-and-control-of-non-communicable-diseases-2020-2025/The National Strategic Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases provides an action plan to address the four main non-communicable diseases of cardiovascular diseases diabetes cancer and chronic respiratory diseases as well as the four main risk factors of unhealthy diet physical inactivity harmful use of alcohol and tobacco use.
Excise Tax on Sweetened Beverages – 2022Barbados LawProgrammatic documentsApr. 1 2022"Fiscal Policies, Tax on sugar-sweetened beverages, Tax on sweetened beverages"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/excise-tax-on-sweetened-beverages-2022/The objective of the Excise Tax on Sweetened Beverages is to increase the rate of excise tax on sweetened beverages in an effort to reduce sugar consumption.
National Food and Nutrition Security PlanSouth Africa LawProgrammatic documentsNov. 7 2017"Right to food, Right to health, Rights of children"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/national-food-and-nutrition-security-plan/The National Food and Nutrition Strategic Plan (NFNSP) 2018-2023 describes how South Africa will combat the silent crisis of malnutrition and reverse its growth in the next 15 years. It identifies the school nutrition programme as a key intervention for combating short term hunger amongst children.
National School Nutrition Programme Guidelines for Tuck Shop OperatorsSouth Africa LawProgrammatic documentsFeb. 21 2014"Sale in school premises"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/national-school-nutrition-programme-guidelines-for-tuck-shop-operators/Guideline to promote the availability of healthy food alternatives from school tuck shops in school premises
Associação Nacional de Defesa da Cidadania e do Consumidor (Anadec) v. Vinícola Perini – 2016Brazil DecisionJudicial2016"Advertising in labeling, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/associacao-nacional-de-defesa-da-cidadania-e-do-consumidor-anadec-v-vinicola-perini-2016/A public civil lawsuit [ação civil pública] affirming the legality of the absence of information on sodium and calories contents on the labels of wine bottles.
Office of the Federal Prosecutor v. National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA)Brazil DecisionJudicialSep. 27 2016"Advertising in labeling, Labeling"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/office-of-the-federal-prosecutor-v-national-health-surveillance-agency-anvisa-2016/A public civil lawsuit [ação civil pública] against the National Health Surveillance Agency [Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (ANVISA)] due to irregularities on the labels of light and diet products .
Dr. Oetker Brasil Ltda v. Consumer Protection Agency of the State of Sao PauloBrazil DecisionJudicial2017"Advertising, Children, Marketing"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/dr-oetker-brasil-ltda-v-consumer-protection-agency-of-the-state-of-sao-paulo-2017/A lawsuit questioning the legality of a fine issued against Dr. Oetker Brasil Ltda as a punishment for promoting a marketing campaign that targeted children.
Consumer Protection Agency of the State of Mato Grosso v. Bayer S.A.Brazil DecisionAdministrative2016"Children, Claims on packaging, Internet, Labeling, Marketing"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/consumer-protection-agency-of-the-state-of-mato-grosso-v-bayer-s-a-2016/Administrative decision issuing a fine against Bayer S.A. due to a marketing campaign that targeted children.
Office of the Prosecutor of the State of Santa Catarina v. Empresa de Laticínios Tirol LTDABrazil DecisionJudicial2022"Advertising, Children, Marketing, Promotion, Schools"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/office-of-the-prosecutor-of-the-state-of-santa-catarina-v-empresa-de-laticinios-tirol-ltda-2019/A public civil lawsuit [ação civil pública] due to a marketing campaign titled "Tirolzinho Transfoma" which promoted recycling competitions between schools and distributed products to schoolchildren.
Sadia S.A. v. Consumer Protection Agency of the State of Sao Paulo – 2020Brazil DecisionJudicial2020"Advertising, Marketing"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/sadia-s-a-v-consumer-protection-agency-of-the-state-of-sao-paulo-2020/A lawsuit questioning the legality of a fine issued against Sadia S.A. for a marketing campaign that targeted children.
Constitution of the Republic of South AfricaSouth Africa LawConstitutionsMay. 8 1996"Fundamental Rights"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/constitution-of-the-republic-of-south-africa/The constitution establishes the rights to have access to healthcare services to access sufficient food access to information and the rights of children all of which are relevant for NCD prevention and control.
Constitution of the Mexican StatesMexico LawConstitutionsFeb. 5 1917"Fundamental Rights"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/constitution-of-the-mexican-states/The Mexican Constitution ensures that everyone has the right to health protection. It states that secondary laws shall define the bases and modalities for access to health services and shall establish the concurrence of the Federation and the federative entities in matters of general health.
Constitution of ColombiaColombia LawConstitutionsJul. 20 1991"Fundamental Rights, Right to health, Rights of children"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/constitution-of-colombia/The Constitution of Colombia regulates the organization of the State and provides a Bill of Rights with provisions relevant for diet and health.
Law on the Conditions for the Promotion Protection and Recovery of HealthBrazil LawLegislationSep. 19 1990"Fundamental Rights, Right to health"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/law-8080-1990/This law establishes general principles and guidelines on the health system and the conditions for the promotion protection and recovery of health. Implementation and control mechanisms are coordinated between the national and local levels.
Constitution of BrazilBrazil LawConstitutionsOct. 05 1988"Fundamental Rights, Right to food, Right to health, Rights of children"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/constitution-of-brazil/The 1988 Constitution of Brazil establishes that education health the childhood protection and the right to food are social rights.
Regulations Relating to the Reduction of Sodium in Certain Foodstuffs and Related MattersSouth Africa LawAdministrative ActsMar. 20 2013"Content regulation, Sodium content"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/no-r-214/Regulation of sodium content for certain foods in South Africa.
Regulations Relating to Trans-Fat in FoodstuffsSouth Africa LawAdministrative ActsFeb. 17 2011"Content regulation, Trans fat content"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/no-r-127/Regulation of trans-fat content in food in South Africa
National Operational Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Obesity in Children and Adolescents in Jamaica (2016-2020)Jamaica LawProgrammatic documentsJun. 2016"Fiscal Policies, Labeling, Marketing, School Environment"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/national-operational-action-plan-for-the-prevention-and-control-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-in-jamaica-2016-2020/The National Operational Plan of Action seeks to operationalize the obesity prevention activities of the National Strategic and Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs).
Ordinance on Preventing ObesityBrazil LawAdministrative ActsJun. 28 2007"Fundamental Rights, Right to health"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/ordinance-no-1569-2007/This ordinance establishes guidelines for health care aimed at preventing obesity and helping those who suffer it.
Resolution on the Consumption of Salt or SodiumBrazil LawAdministrative ActsApr. 24 2013"Content regulation, Sodium content"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/rdc-24-2013/This resolution regulates the content of iodine allowed in salt intended for human consumption.
Food Based Dietary Guidelines for BarbadosBarbados LawProgrammatic documents2017"School meals"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/food-based-dietary-guidelines-for-barbados/These Guidelines set out a national framework for nutrition in Barbados and aim to encourage healthy eating habits and to promote active lifestyles for the prevention and management of chronic nutrition-related diseases.
Rates and Monetary Amounts and Amendment of Revenue Laws ActSouth Africa LawLegislationDec. 12 2017"Fiscal Policies, Tax on sugar-sweetened beverages"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/act-no-14-2017/This law imposes a levy on sugary beverages as well as excise and customs duties on some raw materials for the manufacturing of beverages.
Law on the Special Tax on the Production of Goods and ServicesMexico LawLegislationDec. 30 1980"Fiscal Policies, Tax on energy drinks, Tax on sugar-sweetened beverages, Tax on unhealthy foods and beverages"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/law-on-the-special-tax-on-the-production-of-goods-and-services-2/The law regulates the special tax applicable to different goods and services. The law has been amended on 15 November 2016 to include products such as energy drinks alcoholic beverages soft drinks and snacks.
Excise Tax (Amendment) (No. 3) Regulations – 2017Barbados LawAdministrative ActsAug. 1 2015"Fiscal Policies, Tax on sugar-sweetened beverages"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/s-i-2017-no-77/The Regulations imposed an ad valorem excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverages.
Fair Competition ActJamaica LawLegislationMar. 9 1993"Marketing"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/ln-42-1995/This law provides rules for competitive practices and for the establishment of a Commission.
Consumer Protection ActJamaica LawLegislationJun. 1 2005"Marketing"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/consumer-protection-act/This law makes provision with respect to the protection of consumers.
Child and Adolescent StatuteBrazil LawLegislationJul. 13 1990"Fundamental Rights, Rights of children"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/law-no-8069-1990/This law establishes a protection regime for children and adolescents which includes norms on family and community life (education sport and culture) guardianship adoption among other rights.
Resolution on Advertising and Marketing Communication to Children and AdolescentsBrazil LawAdministrative ActsMar. 13 2014"Advertising, Children, Marketing, Promotion"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/rdc-163-2014/This resolution establishes policies on abusive advertising and marketing practices target at children and adolescents.
Resolution on the Regulation of Food AdvertisementBrazil LawAdministrative ActsJun. 15 2010"Advertising, Marketing, Promotion, Sponsorship"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/rdc-24-2010/This resolution regulates the offer promotion marketing and other related practices aimed at the dissemination and commercial promotion of foods high in sugar saturated fat trans fat sodium and beverages with low nutritional content.
Law on Public Policies for Early ChildhoodBrazil LawLegislationMar. 8 2016"Fundamental Rights, Rights of children"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/law-13-257-2016/This law establishes public policies for early childhood and amends Law No. 8.069 of July 13 1990 (Child and Adolescent Statute [Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente]) Decree-Law No. 3.689 of October 3 1941 (Code of Criminal Procedure [Código de Processo Penal]) the Consolidation of Labor Laws [Consolidação das Leis Trabalhistas (CLT)] approved by Decree-Law No. 5.452 of May 1 1943 Law No. 11.770 of September 9 2008 and Law No. 12.662 of June 5 2012.
Consumer Defense CodeBrazil LawLegislationSep. 11 1990"Advertising, Internet, Labeling, Marketing, Promotion, Sponsorship"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/law-no-8-078-of-september-11-1990/This law establishes rules of consumer protection and defense public order and social interest in accordance with articles 5 items XXXII 170 item V of the Brazilian Federal Constitution and article 48 of its Transitional Provisions.
Protection against Unfair Competition ActBarbados LawLegislationFeb. 19 2001"Advertising, Marketing, Promotion"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/act-no-20-of-1998/This law provides for the protection against unfair competition.
Broadcasting RegulationsBarbados LawAdministrative ActsFeb. 5 2001"Marketing, TV"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/cap-274b/These Regulations prohibit certain broadcasts and advertisements.
Consumer Protection ActBarbados LawLegislationJan. 16 2003"Advertising, Marketing"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/cap-326d/This law provides for matters relating to the protection and safety of consumers such as the prohibition of unfair trading practices and unfair contract terms.
General Guidelines for the Sale and Distribution of Food and Beverages for Consumption in SchoolsMexico LawProgrammatic documentsMay. 16 2014"Sale in school premises, School Environment, School meals"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/general-guidelines-for-the-sale-and-distribution-of-food-and-beverages-for-consumption-in-schools/The purpose of the regulation is to promote healthy nutrition in public schools.
Early Childhood ActJamaica LawLegislationNov. 30 2007"School Environment"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/early-childhood-act/This law requires operators to comply with specific personnel physical health and safety and other requirements to ensure that institutions offer safe environments for children.
Standards for the Operation Management and Administration of Early Childhood InstitutionsJamaica LawProgrammatic documents2007"School Environment, School meals"https://globalfoodlaws.georgetown.edu/documents/standards-for-the-operation-management-and-administration-of-early-childhood-institutions/The Standards for the Operation Management and Administration of Early Childhood Institutions define best practices for early childhood institutions and serve to encourage institutions to raise their level of practice above minimum requirements.